The water turtle is spread over a large area, which includes Europe, West Asia and North West Africa.
The favorite places of this turtle are the banks of the lakes with rich aquatic vegetation, as well as the marshy areas, difficult to cross by other animals.
Water Turtle’s Food
She likes to stand on the water’s edge, but at the smallest alarm she drops into the water and disappears into her table. It is a very agile species, moving easily in the water, where it is otherwise commonly fed.
The ferocious carnivorous, awaits its prey, floating among the aquatic vegetation. The approaching prey is caught by lightening of the neck and killed quickly by the repeated movements of the mussels.
After that, the turtle retreats underwater, where the prey is torn to pieces. The food of these frogs is: crustaceans, terrestrial invertebrates, rodents, even young birds, fish, insects, worms and very rarely, some plant components.
Water Turtle’s Features
The European turtle is small to medium in size, with varieties ranging from 15-25 cm. The body format is different depending on the age category, evolving from a relatively round shape to youth, to an oval shape to the adult material.
The members of the water turtle are very strong, in the form of a column, with strong paws and palms, provided with long and strong claws, 5 at the front and 4 at the back. As a particular feature, we can mention that the claws are joined by an interdigital membrane, which allows them to move easily in the water.
The body is well enclosed in a hard, ossified shell, covered with horny tiles. The anal plate of the carapace is entire, not visible, short tail, without horny termination. On both sides of the tail, on the inside of the thighs, there is a horny conical tubercle.
The color is very variable, with the shade fabric extending from brown to black, on the surface of which there are small spots or lines of yellow color. There are also yellow spots on the head, neck and limbs.
Water Turtle’s Reproduction
This species hibernates at the bottom of the waters, with the end of autumn and until the beginning of April.
At the end of May or the beginning of June, the female lays 3-16 eggs of the size of the pigeon egg, sometimes climbs in willows and lays eggs in the soil loose from scurvy, but usually on the shore, not far from the gloss of the water.
Usually, the following autumn or even spring, the babies come out of the eggs, breaking the shell with the help of a horned tooth, located on the upper jaw.
In captivity, these turtles do not enter into hibernation when they are kept at a high temperature (that of the room), but in this case they require careful care from us.
The turtle of European water is currently threatened with extinction, due to the reduction of natural conditions, pollution, hydrological arrangements and even the cruelty of some people, being protected by law in all countries where it is present.