- Origin: Romania
- Group: Hound
- Weight: 1.8 – 2.7 kg
- Height: 45 – 65 cm
- Colors: black, yellow, white
- Training: heavy, he is stubborn
- Care: short fur
- Temperament: devoted, persevering, loyal,
- Health: Resistant, no hereditary diseases are known.
- Puppies: 6 to 8
- Average age: 10 to 12 years
The breed was formed in Transylvania throughout the centuries under specific hunting conditions. The Transylvania Hound comes from the crossing of several races brought to our country by Hungarians, Russians and Turks. Following these crossings was formed the Russian branch (tatar copo).
The first illustrations of the Transylvanian Hound date from 1100 to 1200. Other illustrations present King Sigismund of Luxembourg with a hound in front of the throne. On a silver bowl from Transylvania in the 17th century there are two hounds in bear hunting. The first official registration took place in 1886.
The noble courtyards of Transylvania hound many hunting dogs. The 19th century changes and the reduction of the forest lands have restored the hunting in Transylvania. In the northern part of Transylvania in the 1940s, the Copenhagen cop was part of the gendarmerie units.
Hunting laws in Romania declared race “rapacious beast” and this was on the verge of extinction. After 1944, there was no record of pure Transylvanian Hound breed.
The luck was that there were some pure specimens left for the peasants. Since the 1960s, revival of the breed has begun and in 1966 the Transylania Hound has been officially recognized by the FCI (International Chinological Federation).
The most detailed description of the breed is due to the ornithologist and the Brazilian hunter Ede Czynk (1851-1899) who stated:
“.. the princes of the country organized well-designed, long-lasting hunters with the participation of the serfs, to which were used some of the cops kept in the forest, who either vanished or were harassed by people, chased in front of the gunmen.
My father, who was born in 1798, even at the age of 84 … told me that his grandfather, who lived 89 years old, hunted in the Ghurghiu Mountains in our youth … Our Hounds have spread throughout Transylvania. ” We find particularly good quality horses in mountainous areas, falling on the largest stretch of the country.
Transylvania Hound is the only breed of hunting dog created in Romania.
Transylvanian Hound’s Food
Being a dog that puts considerable effort in hunting, food needs to be of a good quality. The meal should be divided into at least 2-3 meals a day.
During winter it is good to have the food served hot. It is recommended that the industrial feed exceeds 20% fat.
When going to hunt, you have to feed him in the evening so he does not have food in the stomach in the morning. It is preferable for the animal to leave with empty stomach for hunting.
His diet can include salami, various soups, chicken legs, rice, etc. You can combine food with the beans. 50-50 or 40-60.
Transylvanian Hound’s Appearance
The Transylvanian Hound Dog is present in two varieties, one with short legs and one with long legs. The long leg has a height of 55-65 cm and the one with short legs 45-50 cm.
It’s a bigger dog breed than average dogs. The skin of the head has no wrinkles, and the lips do not hang. Medium size ears if drawn over the eye must reach them. Eye color is brownish or darker. The long and strong tail is thinning towards the top.
The toe of the foot is round, with strong fingers and claws. The hair is harsh, glossy and relatively short. The fur is black-velvet with yellow markings. The chest must have a clean white patch.
Besides the black cops, there are also grown yellow-brown coats with a bigger or smaller chest.
The smell is very well developed and a sense of orientation very good. Ideal for him is a large yard where he can run at will.
Transylvanian Hound’s Behavior
Transylvanian Hound is a dog that forms strong bonds with the family, especially with the one who takes the most of it and gives it the most attention. A devoted dog who defends and protects his family and home.
He is a harassing hunter, with excellent qualities to handle and stop the hunt, but can be used for search and other typical limit tasks. With a particularly developed olfactory sense, he is able to search persistently for cold and fresh traces.
Transylvanian Hound’s Training
The training of the Transylvanian Hound dog is harder because it is stubborn. Tends to be independent.
If trained with patience and skill, you can get quality results. Harsh measures and quarrels are contraindicated.
Transylvanian Hound’s Diseases
This dog breed is very resistant. No hereditary diseases are known.
Females give birth to 6-8 Puppies.
The life expectancy is 10-12 years.