The turbot is a less common fish. It can be found, depending on the species, in the larger waters of the globe.
The species Scophthalmus maeoticus grows in the Black Sea in the sand all along the coast.
Depending on the species and area the turbot has different names: kalkan, Black Sea turbot.
When they are small, they feed on crabs, mussels, shrimps and fish brood.
Adults only feed on fish: guvids, cod, stavridi, blue ash.
As you can see in the pictures, the turbot has a diamond-shaped body. Bone tubers with extensions in the form of a toe appear on the adult body.
The mouth is oblique, and the teeth are placed on several rows. The eyes are placed only on the upper part of the body.
The young ones have the color of sand and a number of spots that help them to camouflage more easily and get rid of predators. Over time, the color turns to a dark brown-brick.
The lower part is light in color, almost white.
The usual length is 60-70 cm. Rarely exceeds 1 m and weight 6-7 kg, rarely 10 kg. It is a fish that grows relatively slowly: after 10 years it reaches a length of 55 cm and a weight of 3.5 kg.
In winter it descends to depths of 60-70 cm, but in summer it can be found in waters of 20-30 cm.
As most of the fish likes to stand on the benches. The more food is available, the bigger banks can meet.
During breeding it comes to shallow depths and can be caught by anglers.
The turbot deposits the spawn when the water is 13-15 degrees.
It reaches sexual maturity and can reproduce from the age of 5-6 years.
After the breeding period, the turbot banks break and the fish spread in search of food.