The mosquito lives in swamps primarily in Africa, South America and South Asia.
Mosquitoes can be found anywhere in the world, especially in wet areas. Within the species, there is a strong “discrimination”.
While males are happy to feed on plant and nectar, females need blood to get their proteins indispensable for reproductive maturing and egg production.
They are equipped with a complex sensor system for detecting the “blood donor” and are especially attracted to heat, humidity, color and intense perfumes. Mosquitos land on the skin and sting using a trumpet equipped with small dips that suck the blood.
Because the sting does not reach the nerve endings, the victim does not feel the pain, and the person often does not even realize it is wounded until after the itch appears. After feeding on the blood like a little vampire, the female mosquito puts eggs.
By biting of mosquito it can transmit many infectious diseases, some particularly serious, such as malaria, yellow fever and various forms of encephalitis. Specialists say HIV is not transmitted.
The body is made up of the head, chest and abdomen. It presents two wings, and the mouthpiece is specialized for sting and sucking. Shows external chitin skeleton. The head is composed of two compound eyes, two articulated antennae and a mouth with chitinous pieces.
On the dorsal side of the chest they have the wings, and three pairs of articulated legs are caught on the ventral side. The abdomen consists of eight segments, each segment, on the ventral side, is a pair of respiratory holes called sigma.
Children are ideal targets for mosquitoes: they have thin skin, superficial blood vessels, easy to pass, and deep sleep.
The baby does not bear the itch, so it will scratch more than an adult, causing small wounds that favors infection with the bacteria normally on the skin.
Through the sting, mosquitoes can inoculate humans with pathogens that cause diseases such as malaria, yellow fever and others, especially in the tropical and subtropical geographic areas where such diseases are spread.
But a few years ago, there was a severe encephalitis epidemic caused by the West Nile virus transmitted through the mosquito sting. In very sensitive people, especially if the stings are numerous, the affected areas swell and the state of illness generalizes (urticaria, low blood pressure). Then we have to go to the doctor.
Expose the skin as little as possible, especially after it is inserted; wear white clothing made of natural fibers. Avoid alcohol based fragrances, deodorants, hair fixatives: the scent attracts insects. Make sure there are no wet areas in the house, garden or balcony.
For effective and long-lasting protection, doctors recommend the use repellent products that apply directly to the skin to keep insects away. They are not part of the insecticide category and have a pleasant smell. For example, the range of Autan Family products, lotion, emulsion and stick, launched by SC Johnson Wax, suitable for any skin, even for children or people with sensitive skin.
Some people have much more severe reactions to mosquito bites than most. For many of us, a mosquito bite means local itching and a small swelling that is attenuated within a few hours.
But there is also the possibility of more serious allergic reactions, such as Skeeter syndrome, which causes the bite caused by the bite to become very large, about the size of a plum, and very painful. The allergy is caused by the compounds that are in mosquito saliva. Effects are not more serious in the long run, but for the moment the reaction is more than unpleasant.
The mosquito multiply in marshes, lakes or wherever there is stately water.
In only seven days, the mosquito becomes adult. The female survives up to three weeks in the summer and many months in the winter to lay its eggs in the spring.
In order to prevent a mosquito attack, it is good to refresh the water from the containers, clean the places where it baltesters, make sure the grass is cut because they like to hide there.
Also, we have to choose outdoor parties to enjoy a light breeze or current, because mosquitoes can not fly when the wind blows.