- Areal: Europe and Asia
- Habitat: in galleries in the ground
- Size: 12-15cm
- Weight: 250-550g
- Speed: 6km / h (4mph)
- Colors: Brown, black, gray, white
- Reproduction: 4
- Predators: wild cat, owl, fox
- He lives: solitary
- Average age: 10 to 12 years
- Particularities: Long, strong and curved claws, poor view
The mole is widespread throughout Europe, reaching central and sub-central Asia; in the altitude up to 2000 m.
It lives only underground, in a complicated gallery, which is recognized outside by earth mussels.
True labyrinths of the single-book tunnel system have been discovered, a record of matter measuring 360 meters in length for such a gallery!
Also, although seeming to be slightly overflowing, the tunnels digested by the chrysalis are quite durable and can even survive over 5 years, which means more than an average dwarf lives.
So, that domain is inherited by a survivor or even a neighbor …
The main purpose of this uninjured digging activity is to find food, ie small insects, eggs and larvae, frames, worms living in the ground, even spiders, but also roots or underground stems of plants.
This “menu list” gives two completely different ratings to the booklet. Most of the farmers (even the owners of small gardens around the house) consider the chrysanthemum a very damaging animal, destroying the bulbs and roots of the plant it encounters in the way of its tunnels.
Others, especially ecologists, say it is very useful, first of all because they eat all sorts of harmful insects (starting with their eggs and their larvae), but also because the galleries digested by it contribute to the aeration of soil and the mixing of layers plant nutrition land (you have, of course, seen many people turning carrot moss into flower soil for their apartment plants).
The mole is the animal known to all gardeners because it is the animal that damages the lawn, plants or vegetables in the garden. The mole has a body length of 125-150-165 mm, a tail of about 30 mm, a 20 mm posterior paw and a small head of 30-38 mm.
The mole has a short, thick, cylindrical body. Their eyes are whitish blacks, they are confused with the color of the fur, small as a grain of poppy, so that the iris and the pupil can not be distinguished. The ears have no pavilions, covered by a short bite of the skin, hidden under dense hair.
The mole has short, but forward legs, as far as the chest touches the earth, and the geti are almost entirely joined by a palm-shaped membrane with thick, thick nails. The hind legs are separated, with thin and sharp nails.
The hair is generally dark brown with blue or white reflections. Young people have gray hair. There are gray, gray-haired adults on the abdomen with solid-yellow longitudinal stripes on a gray background. Some black specimens with white spots.
The waist is about the size of a rat, with its head covered with a dark fur (most of which is black). He works constantly to build a network of tunnels, even digging up to 4 and a half hours per hour, the daily average exceeding often 30 meters from the gallery!
It is the only animal almost completely devoid of sight. As a matter of fact, the sight would not help the little dwarf as long as it lives only in the underground tunnels, which it digs consciously into the soft soil beneath meadows and forests, avoiding the rocky terrain that it could not crosses.
No smell is a feeling that the mole can rely on in the dark galleries of which it almost never comes out.
That’s why any escape from the darkness is very dangerous to the mole, any exiting to light being awaited by its natural enemies …
Even if they are not solitary animals, moles live in loneliness for the most part of the year, only late in the winter, males begin to look for females through dark tunnels.
After 4 to 6 weeks, puppies, which are – in the first few days of life – appear completely hairless, but otherwise look exactly like minors mature. A couple of moles may have one or two babies in one year – in most cases, rarely three, four or maximum five small moles are born.
Although it is not considered to be an endangered species, in many parts of the world, baby moles are subjected to a real persecution by farmers, gardeners and farmers revolted by the damage that the “diggers” bring to crops.