Manatee is a large aquatic mammal known as the cow. This cow’s name is attributed to him and morse due to their impressive bodies.
There are 3 large manatee species: the Amazonian manatee, the Manatee of West India and the Manatee of West Africa.
The name is attributed by the Caribbean people, that means chest. It is believed that manatee evolved from four-legged terrestrial animals 60 million years ago, the closest relatives in life being elephants and hydra.
Manatees can be seen in the rivers of the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico, West Africa or the Amazon basin. They like the warmer waters, so they gather in the shallow waters. Manatees resist temperatures up to -15 degrees.
Their winter heat source is the rivers.
They are herbivorous animals and eat over 60 different plant species, such as mangrove leaves, dwarf grasses and various types of algae that they break with their lips.
An adult usually consumes 10% of body weight per day. They are said to have been seen eating small quantities of fish, fish caught in nets.
Manatees have an average weight of between 400 and 550kg and a length of 3-3.5m. Females are larger and have a higher body weight than males.
They have a flexible upper lip that acts in many ways like a little hand: gather food with it, interact socially and communicate with other manatees.
The eyes are small and shaped like a potato. It is believed that the manatees distinguish the colors. Adults do not have incisors or canines, just a set of teeth somewhere between molars and premolars.
A unique characteristic in mammals is that the manatees teeth are constantly changing, they are constantly working, some replacing the falling teeth.
At one point, the manatee has only six teeth on each side of the jaw. The tail has an oval shape. Like horses, they have a simple but big stomach in which the plants hardly digest. Their intestines are long.
On average, manatees swim at a speed of 5-8 km / h. However, they can swim at 30km / h but short distances. Manatees are able to learn various complex and advanced social signals in the long run.
They emit a wide range of sounds used in communication, especially between mothers and babaies. Adults communicate a lot through contacts and smell especially during the mating season.
Manatees have few natural predators. From sharks, crocodiles and alligators are known. All three species are on the verge of extinction.
Usually manatee females give birth to a pup once every two years.
Gestation lasts for 12 months.
After birth, the pup will sit next to the mother for 12-18 months.
In general manatees tend to be solitary animals.