The hake (Merluccius merluccius) is a fish that belongs to the genus Merluccius. It lives in waters with an average depth of 200 meters.
It is found in the Mediterranean Sea, the Nordic Sea and on the east coast of the Atlantic Ocean between Iceland and Mauritania.
European hake is also called herring, probably because it feeds on a large amount of herring in the Atlantic Ocean.
It is known in foreign literature as European hake.
Hake is fed with smaller fish, zooplankton and calamaries.
It’s a very greedy fish. Due to the high consumption of herring and sardines, the herring hake was called. It prefers waters with depths of 200 – 300 meters for both living and food.
If he does not find the food on the bottom of the sea he starts to climb until he finds his favorite food.
Young fish feed on crustaceans and as the menu grows, it diversifies into cephalopods.
The adults show their carnivorous manifestations devouring young of the same species.
It has an elongated and slender body with small scales that detach easily.
European hake can reach 1.5 meters in length and 15 kg in weight. The largest species of hake can reach the weight of 30 kg.
Sexual dimorphism (the difference between male and female) is not observed with the naked eye because they are almost the same in appearance.
This fish is a nocturnal predator. In the day it rests in the sand on the bottom of the seas and the ocean or in mud among plants at depths between 30 and 400 meters.
Surprisingly it was seen at depths up to 1000 meters.
After deposition, the hake spawn rises to the surface where it turns into larvae. As they grow, they migrate to deeper and deeper waters.