The Goat

The Goat - 2

Goat’s Origin

The goat was called “the poor man’s cow.” It can be grown even in hostile conditions.

She is particularly lively and interested in everything that’s going on around her. It adapts very well to the environment in which it lives.

The goat is one of the most playful domestic animals. It is the most beloved pet baby – it is harmless even with little ones.

Goat’s food

If there is no possibility of grazing, the feed is good. The goat eats 2-3 pounds of dry food per day. But, unlike what is know, the goat is a very pretentious animal: it saturates very fast of a single kind of feed.

It needs a varied diet of different weeds and fruits. In the winter season it is recommended to feed 1-1.5 kg of fan, 0.5-1 kg of straw and 2 kg of beets per day.

Man has recognized the importance of milk in eating since ancient times. Many generations have grown with goat’s milk.

Since this animal does not spread the TB pathogen, as the cow does, in the period before the heat treatment of milk, goat’s milk consumption was the best and healthier way to prevent possible diseases.

Nowadays, after many analyzes and research, it has been shown that goat milk is very healthy and valuable. It is easy to digest, it is rich in vitamins (A, E, K and C) and minerals, as well as amino acids.

Goat`s Looks

Most goats have two horns of different sizes depending on the breed. Horns are bone and have the role of defending, dominating and preserving the territory.

Goats are ruminant, their stomach is divided into 4 rooms.

Several types of goats have beard in the neck area. The tail of the goat is short and straight up.

The sound of the goat is called bleating.

Goat`s Features

Like the sheep, she is among the first domesticated animals. Its ability to “use” everything it finds is unique among domestic animals. Untreated lands are a playground for this creature.

She needs a lot of movement. It occupies the first places in the top of the animals producing the most milk (given its weight and size). Its meat is very good, while the hair and the skin are raw materials in certain industrial branches.

Goats must be left to graze – this is beneficial for both the breeder and the animal. On many goats, the ability to live in herds is very low. It is therefore advisable to grow them with the sheep. We often meet goats in sheep flocks.

Goats have a strong character. They are curious and intelligent; will explore everything that is new around them with the help of their upper lip and tongue. They will press all sorts of buttons, spoil the camera or eat small items that they can swallow.

Goats are known for their ability to climb trees. They are very good climbers.

Goat’s  Reproduction

Goats, like many other animals raised for meat and milk, enter heat at regular intervals in the fall months, although this may vary depending on where they are grown. In temperate climates, a goat can be warm at any time of the year.

As a rule, each gestation means an kid. In some cases, goats can give birth to twins. A goat will be able to reproduce at the age of one year. On average, the female must reach the weight of 34 kg before it multiplies, although this may vary depending on the breed and its descendants.

In the fall months, the days shorten, and this is the sign that the goat’s mating season begins. During this period it is normal to see a goat in heat.

In equatorial areas, these animals multiply throughout the year. With a gestation period of about 150 days, a goat could give rise to a goat in the spring months.

It is absolutely necessary to visit the veterinarian. He can also advise you on a particular diet. There are various diseases that can affect the pregnant goat and the herpes in her womb. In addition to regular annual vaccinations, including anti-tetanus, there are special vaccines that should be given to the animal before it multiplies.

When a goat has the heat, this indicates that she is ready to multiply. Behavioral changes that are associated with a goat in heat are its vocalizations (that is, the call of the partner), the search for other goats, the increased interest in male goats and milk.

Low appetite is not abnormal in animals that are hot. There are a few ways to tell you whether a reproductive act will be successful. Ultrasounds can effectively detect an embryo about 45 days of gestation. There are also two other ways to test whether the animal is pregnant or not. One of the tests examines the levels of hormones present in the milk or in the blood of the goat. Another method tests the level of certain proteins in its blood.

By the age of 4 months, the kids get the same type of food. Then the breeder has to select the kids and separate them into two groups: the ones raised for meat, to be slaughtered and the one to be raised.

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