The Domestic Hen
- Life span: Between 5 and 11 years
- Where it lives: Households
- Diet: Omnivor
- Class: Aves
- Scientific name: Gallus gallus domesticus
- What to eat: Seeds, fruits, insects, berries
- Predators: People, foxes, ratons
Domestic hens, descended from the wild ancestor Gallus, a bird very similar to some of the courtyard hens in terms of the color of plumage, body conformation, and the sounds it brings out. The hen’s demise was made in Asia long before our era .
The first written records about the presence of domestic hens in Europe meet with the Greeks, numerous references made by the Romanian writers, testimonies of the existence of domestic hens in Europe, transmitting both the gala and the old Slavs. Domestication has led to some morphological, physiological, and behavioral changes.
The appearance of morphological changes as well as physiological amplification are strictly related to certain changes in the hereditary basis of the body of birds, manifested after dozens and tens of generations (maybe hundred, even thousands) grown in captivity and implanted.
It is not known how the hens came to the present territory of our country, through whom and during which time. However, chicken and cock have become extremely popular, which is seen not only in what we put on the table but also in language.
Hens are usually not very demanding birds. They do not need specific food, especially if you grow them for eggs and meat.
Cakes, corn, wheat, grass, lettuce, onions, tomatoes, eat everything.
Obviously, from time to time, you should also give them special feeds available in special stores.
Although for the elderly or for those who grew up in the country, keeping birds in the yard does not seem too complicated, things are never so simple.
Birds can not live all in the same place. Incompatibilities exist even in the market. Depending on the type, the age group, the species, the birds must be raised separately.
Depending on the species and the birds have certain needs. For example, silent ones do not quite fit with the gangs, and dwarf hens are not friends with the majestic turkeys.
Also, chickens are good to keep them from the presence of larger hens, especially cocks. First of all because of the viruses that the chickens can acquire but also because the bigger hens will beat the little ones.
It is indicated that there is a large portion of grass in the hen farm. In winter, when temperatures decrease, the hens must have a crate where the frost does not flow.
The temperature in the nest should not drop below 13 degrees. If it’s too cold, chickens will not give eggs. In order to prevent bird disease, it is advisable to have a ventilation system, especially if the moisture in the nest is at a high level.
Most people know what a hen or a cock looks like.
It’s a sharp-beaked bird with brightly colored feathers, legs ending with claws, wings are not very long, that’s why they’re not flying any more than a few feet.
All animals are guided by their natural instincts, and the hens are no exception. One of the strongest instincts manifested by the hens is to crack. Bloating is a cyclic process through which most of the hens go through certain periods of time.
Once you know the bird climbs, you have to be very vigilant. It is normal for a closet to leave his nest only once or twice to 24 hours to eat, drink water, and make his needs! You have to make sure she drinks water and eats because she risks serious illness it they do not drink liquids for 24-48 hours. You may need to take it in your arms and take it to the place of food and drink the water.
Although access to food and water has to be facilitated as much as possible, you must resist the temptation to put any food near the nests, as this will discourage the chick from moving and perhaps it will begin to make its needs in the nest. To reduce the risks associated with low activity and parasitic infections, a clotting chicken should be checked and, if necessary, treated with the appropriate medication.
The hen may be weak during the crackdown, but the good part is that it is over in 21 days and she will reward you with one or more fluffy chicks and you can enjoy that Mother Nature has done her job again, helping the hen grow chickens.