- Life span: Between 14 and 15 years
- Where it lives: Omnipresent
- Diet: Carnivorous
- Class: mammalian
The house cat, domestic cat (Felis catus) or matte is a mammal of the order of the carnivores, the Felidae family, the Feline subfamily. He lives with people over 9500 years old and is currently the most well-known domestic animal in the world.
The cat is very close to the European wild cat (Felis silvestris silvestris). The cat lives in close contact with humans for at least 3500 years, being used by the Egyptians to keep the mice away.
Despite domestication, the cat has not lost the ability to live in the wild, where it forms colonies. According to the study published in the Journal of Archaeological Science, the Egyptians were the ones who transformed cats into domestic animals.
According to specialized studies:
A child growing with an animal in the house develops a stronger immune system, is more resistant to pathogens, is less prone to allergies, gets worse, and is generally healthier than other children.
A child growing up with an animal in the home learns to take responsibility, is less selfish and adapts better socially than other children. In addition, he will not have violent manifestations either on the animals or on the people – he will develop a balanced personality and sharpen his sense of observation.
Although most domestic cats do not have to catch their food, their instincts are to hunt. Sensitive nose quickly detects food.
Thanks to their soft-cushioned feet, they can watch their prey without being seen until they’re close enough to jump. It can catch the mice with the claws and kill it with a strong bite, usually at the neck, breaking the throat of the victim.
Even a domestic cat has the hunting instincts of his wild relatives. Often, cats play with their prey rather than kill it immediately. They usually hunt at night, catching mice, small birds and insects.
A cat is moody when given food because it feels when food is not good, it can be either spoiled or something that does not usually eat it. Cats avoid many smells, that is, they do not eat anything. The cat is generally prone to vinegar, lemon, citrus, and everything that is prickly, sour, bitter, wine, banana, baking powder, etc.
Its main food around which should be all the food is hunting. Even if it is domestic it has well-developed hunter instincts.
The cat prefers liver, rabbit meat, turkey, gang, etc., cooked in some way or in the envelope for cats. If you give it to the envelope or to the can, it is good to vary. Over time, he can make allergies and is not healthy. Think about how to eat only potato stew for 15 years.
Apart from food it is necessary to have daily fresh water at her discretion.
The skeleton of the cat consists of 250 bones. At the level of the head we notice dentition, incisors, canines and premolars, without molars (it has no flat tooth). It cuts food and swallows it without chewing it. Neck vertebrae are short, and the spine very flexible.
The tail vertebrae prolong the vertebral column, their number varying according to the breed. The tail has a balance role. The front elbows end with five “fingers” provided with keratin retractile claws; the longer hind paws end with four “fingers”, also provided with retractable claws.
The muscles of the back are very flexible, those of the posterior pillars, peculiarities that give the animal suppleness and an ample “detenta” in jump.
The cat’s hair is made up of long wires that carry the “drawing” (spots, streaks, etc.) with shorter yarns and finally the puff, all of which ensure good body insulation. The sense of smell in the cat is four times more developed than the human and has a major importance in the social life of the cat, in the delimitation of the territory. In fact, smell is the means of checking whether food is not altered or poisoned.
Sometimes cats sharing the same living environment can fight, being a way of demonstrating their abilities; can also be a harmless play. It is also the way to establish a hierarchy in a group of cats or a way to alert a cat when breaking a group rule. As soon as they have broken up, they have to be separated into separate rooms until they have not the tendency to fight anymore. The master never intervenes physically in their fight because it can be scratched or biting seriously.
Cats need scratching, being the process by which unnecessary layers of corneal tissue that make up the claws are removed. By stretching the muscles, wrists and tendons are exercised. If the mobile rocking cat in the house means it needs a surface to sharpen its claws. To eliminate this problem, masters can purchase sharpening surfaces by placing them in places of greatest interest for cats.
Stressed or diseased cats can scratch or bite people, a behavior that can occur when the cat does not have the cravings of cuddling and caressing, especially on the stomach. The hand should not suddenly withdraw from the claws or teeth of the cat, causing more serious injuries. The cat must not be shaken, kicked or docked because she will not understand why she is beaten, but only as the people she loves hit for unknown reasons.
The cat is an independent animal. Unlike the dog, she walks and cleanses herself.
Kneeling is the son’s manifestation of the cat; generally a discreet animal, she can sometimes look to be remembered for months, either to ask for food or to ask for the door to open, for example. Some cat breeds are more noisy than others, such as Siamese.
From the very first days of life, kittens suckle during sucking, and mother responds. She sucks in pleasure, as well as in suffering: stressed, injured, or even dying, we hear it tormenting. Most often, she plows to express her addiction; to the mother at birth, to the man later, when he is ill or when he is dressed.
The cat sleeps on average 15-18 hours a day, being only active for about 6-9 hours, especially for part of the night, the hunting season. According to some studies, the cat is the animal with the highest proportion of paradoxical sleep phases during which she dreams. During this time, there was a very intense electrical activity of the brain, eyes and muscles.
The most common reasons cats are displaced by humans are allergic reactions to allergens such as saliva and cat hair. Frequent washing of cats (weekly bathing eliminates 90% of the cat’s allergens in the environment).
Cats are generally reproductive, starting at the age of nine months (however, cats were born only seven months old). The woman goes through many periods of “heat”, especially between spring and autumn. In these times, the female cat adopts a hyperactive and quite unpleasant behavior for the owners: looking for a mess, rubbing and melting down on the floor, striding to tell her condition in the surroundings.
As for males, they mark their territory by designing very strong jets of urine. If they are allowed to go out, they often fight with other males, weaken and neglect their toilet, which expose them to the risks of contamination or contracted diseases. Early sterilization is recommended.
When cats are about to coat with a female, it must first agree. During the coupling, the male climbs on the back of the female and immobilizes it, biting it against the skin of the throat. By the end of the act, the female tends to groan, annoyed.
The reason is that the male’s penis is so constructed that small tiny formations stimulate painfully the female vagina in order to trigger ovulation. On the occasion of each penetration, the female will emit a new egg, which explains the existence of kittens of the same generation that can come from different dads.
The gestation lasts for about 60 days, the cat wearing on average 4 kittens. At three weeks, the female mothers grow in volume and get red. Then her abdomen swells, and her appetite increases as the pregnancy progresses. during gestation, the cat will look for human affection; it is recommended that the masters caress the cat’s abdomen, in order to get used to the puppies with human contact.
At seven weeks, the cat will start looking for a quiet and isolated place suitable for birth (a cabinet, a cardboard box …). When the term approaches (between 60 and 70 days after conception), the cat becomes agitated, so it is important for the master to be present, to assist her.
After about 20 minutes of triggering the contractions, the cat will give birth to the first kitten, followed by the others, quickly or even after several hours, going up to 24 hours to finish the baby. Kittens are born protected by a casing that the cat tightens and then licks the kitten to stimulate its breathing, ending up eating the placenta containing nutrients and cutting off the umbilical cord.
The kitten will seek to suckle immediately after birth, then continue at 20-minute intervals. In order to habituate kittens to human contact, the owners must take them in their daily hands without exceeding 5 minutes. Cats are born blind and deaf, weighing between 80 and 100 grams; after 7-10 days of birth, when they open their eyes, they are blue, up to the age of two months, when they will change in the final color. Breastfeeding lasts for three months, during which the cat will teach babies to wash, feed, hunt, etc.
The cat has a very developed maternal instinct: she will take care of kitten devotion, supervise them, spend time with them and discipline them if necessary. In general, adult cats will be present when the kittens go to “discover” the world, and in some breeds, even the male takes part in the education of the offspring.