The Bull Shark is part of the genus Carcharhinus, the family Carcharhinidae. Can be found in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters in estuaries or on the coasts of Asia, Africa, Australia or America.
He likes to swim near the shore in waters with depths of up to 30-50 meters. It does not exceed 150 meters. It is known for the boldness of climbing along the rivers.
It was seen at 3000-4000 meters from the ocean on the Amazon River when the waters are rich in fish.
The name of a bull shark comes from the reputation of a ferocious animal and a bull-like body.
At this time the bull shark is not in danger of extinction because it is one of the most common sharks. The number of bull sharks is decreasing due to excessive fishing and high gestation.
It is considered, unjustly, one of the most dangerous shark species along with the white shark and the tiger shark.
Bull Shark’s Food
Bull shark is a fish that eats a lot. Greed it characterizes it.
Its diet includes various species of fish, turtles, mammals, camels, calamari, crabs, crustaceans, etc. It also feeds on other shark species typically smaller.
It’s a shark that swims at the deep in search of food. One of his tactics is ambush.
He senses that he moves slowly, and when the food is pretty close to attacking him with swift movements. Being a greedy fish it prefers big leeches.
Bull Shark’s Aspect
The bull shark has a length of 3.5 meters and a weight of 250 kg. The large and impressive body is dark gray on the back and on the ventral (belly) side is whitish.
On the back there are two swimmers one of which is bigger. On the side, he has a large fin with sharp edges on each side.
Also in the side of the head can be seen the five large gill slits. The large codec swinging is unequally, higher at the top.
The heaviest recorded bull shark weighed 315kg, but it is believed that they were also larger specimens.
The head of the bull shark is large and the snout is short. Small eyes can be seen on the side. The vase is rather poorly developed, does not help the shark that swims quite often in troubled waters.
The triangular, large and powerful teeth have a frightening look. Females are bigger than males.
Bull Shark’s Behavior
Although it is one of the shark species considered to be very aggressive and dangerous, it is said to attack man even if it is not provoked. Daggers have a different opinion about sharks, they consider them ocean gentlemen, and generally do not attack man unless he bothers him with something.
Maybe many people can not figure out when it breaks the territory of this fabulous marine fish. If he or she feels threatened it is normal to attack man or any other creature.
Do not forget that sharks make a dozen casualties annually as people hunt millions of sharks of many species.
The bull shark lives in both salt water and fresh water. Not a few times climb up the rivers in search of fish. Although it is classified as a solitary hunter, it sometimes hunts in small groups to fool prey and attack more easily.
After the first attack the shark continues to bite the prey until it resists resistance.
Swim relatively slowly at the bottom of deep waters. The bull shark is also an opportunist. It feeds often.
If attacked by a predator, it regurgitates the food from the stomach to get rid of the follower. It’s a tactic to distract the watchman’s attention.
Bull Shark’s Reproduction
Reproduction of the bull shark is vivipara (gives birth to fully developed babies). During mating the male and female swim together.
After mating and gestation for 10-11 months, the female gives birth to 2-12 little sharks. Birth occurs in the estuary at the beginning of spring and early summer.
At birth, the little sharks can have up to 80 cm long.
The advantage of bull sharks is that in the freshwater where they are released they do not have natural predators until they enter the salty waters of the ocean.
Males reach maturity at age 15, and females at age 18 (2.4 meters in length and 130 kg in weight).
The life expectancy of bull sharks is 15-20 years, and in exceptional cases 30 years.