The Alligator is an crocodile from the Alligatoridae family. There are two species of alligators: the American Alligator and the Alligator of China.
The alligator name comes from Spanish, where it is used for the term lizard. This name was given by Spanish explorers in one of their trips to Florida.
Alligators have undergone a variety of changes to which they have successfully adapted allowing these reptiles to remain unchanged for almost 200 million years. It existed in the Mesozoic era.
The main source of food for alligators is the small animals they can kill from a bite and swallow them immediately. They kill other animals by crawling them in water and drowning them.
Alligators also consume larger animals that can not be eaten from a sip, sometimes let them rot in water, then grab and rotate by breaking and pulling pieces of meat from them.
If the tail of an alligator is immobilized, it can not feed, unable to twist.
Alligator pups eat fish, insects, snails, crustaceans, worms, etc. As they grow they need bigger fish, various mammals, birds, deer, other reptiles, etc.
Alligator is recognized for his bite, for the way he crushes the bones. An alligator weighs an average of 360kg and has a length of 4m but can grow up to 5m and almost 500kg. According to the Everglades National Park, the largest alligator had a length of 5.31m, but the largest specimen was 5.84m.
The alligator of China has a smaller size, measuring an average of 2.1m. Alligators have an average of 75 teeth.
The average lifetime of an alligator is 50 years, but there are known specimens that lived 73 and 75 years.
All male adult alligators are solitary. Smaller alligators can often be found in large numbers closer to each other. The largest alligator, male or female, will defend its territory, the other alligators having a tolerance to the largest.
Although alligators have a heavy body, they make small sprints over short distances.
Most muscles developed, with the highest strength, are in the jaws. With their help they bite prey. The muscles for opening the jaws are not as well developed as the muscles. A man can hold the closed jaws of an alligator with his hands, generally using adhesive tape to grip their jaws.
Generally, alligators are shy about people and they are being removed in our presence. This led to the nesting of alligator nests and slowly to its disappearance. Alligators are protected by law and their feeding is prohibited.
Unlike alligator crocodiles, they do not attack people unless they are self-defense or if they are challenged.
The alligator hibernates for many months hiding in holes in the ground or in the water and is quite resistant to low temperatures, more than the crocodile.
The temperature of the nest in which eggs lay determines the sex of newborns. The crevices on his body are made of the same substance as the nails of the people.
Alligators generally become mature when reaching the length of 1.8m. The breeding season begins in the spring.
The female builds a nest in the vegetation near the water. The sex of the baby alligators is determined by the temperature in the nest and is set within 7 to 21 days after the start of the incubation.
At 30 degrees or less, most of the baby alligators are females, and over 34 degrees are totally male.
The alligator mother will protect the nest of predators and will protect the babies if they stay in the area. The biggest threat for baby alligators comes from the adult alligators.