The Taipan snake (scientific name: Oxyuranus microlepidotus) is native to Australia and is the most venomous snake in the world. It can be found north of Lake Eyre and west of the Murray River, Darling River and the Murrumbridgee River.
He is part of the family Elapidae and despite having the strongest venom on earth, he is very timid and if he can prefer to leave than to fight when he feels threatened.
At each bite an adult injects 110 mg of venom. The lethal dose for a mouse is 2 micrograms (ppb) pure toxin and 30 micro grams mixed toxin.
Taipan venom is 200 to 400 times stronger than a bell snake and 50 times stronger than a copper. This venom is so neurotoxic that it kills an adult human in 40 minutes.
Taipan Snake’s Food
The diet of taipan consists of rats, lizards, small mammals. The taipan swallows the entire prey with, that is, the head forward, after it is completely dead. Adults hunting larger prey do not need to inject all the venom available in a bite.
At the time of the bite, the venom from the gland comes out through the corners in the victim. The released prey tries to save itself, not knowing that it will die, and the snake follows it after the smell until it falls and gives in to the venom.
The smaller snakes after the bite hold the prey until it can be swallowed. The ability to swallow large animals gives the snake energy and is the village for long periods so it only needs a few meals each year.
Taipan Snake’s Features
Taipan varies from a dark brown to a greenish-brown shade, depending on the season, but may also have shades of gray. The neck and head, which is round, are slightly darker than the body.
The eye is medium, with brown iris and the rest of the snakes has a flexible jaw. Taipans tend to adapt to the environment by changing their skin color permanently.
During summer they are lighter in color, and in winter their color is darker. This seasonal change in color allows them to absorb more light in the colder months.
Taipan Snake’s Reproduction
Taipan female gives birth to 12 to 20 eggs. Eggs are usually deposited in abandoned burrows by animals or in shallow pits. The rate of reproduction depends largely on their diet. If food is scarce, the snake will breed less often.
The mating takes place in the spring from August to December. Males engage in fights, and they can last for hours in a row until the dominant male finally wins the right to mate with the female.
If the female is receptive it rubs her lower part of her body. Males have two mating orcas, but only use one for mating. The mating may take several hours and during the season a female may mate with more males.
After two months after breeding the female lays an average of 16 eggs. Taipan eggs are generally elongated and have a strong shell. Usually the reproduction is repeated every year.
After laying the eggs the female leaves and after about two months the incubation takes place. In favorable conditions the snakes grow very fast.
Males and females grow about the same. Males reach sexual maturity after 16 months, and females after 28. In captivity, they live 10-15 years. At a zoo in Australia a taipan lived to be 20 years old.