- Origin: Thailand
- Obtain: Natural
- Weight: 4 – 5.5 kg
- Colors: Brown, Chocolate, Blue, Lilac
- Coat: short
- Temperament: sociable, intelligent, talking
- Health: Generally healthy
- Kittens: 4
- Average age: 10 to 15 years
Siamese cat was known long ago in Siam (New Thailand), a fact evidenced by the presence of representations quite similar to Siamese in a manuscript from Ayudhai, the name of the Siam capital between 1347-1767, a manuscript found in the Bangkok Museum and where it is described two varieties of Siamese: one, Siamese royal (Siamese royal cat), slender, slender, with the darker-colored extremities and the rest of the ivory color and another chocolate-colored variety, with the darker-ending extremes similar to Burmese today.
These cats were considered the watchmen of the temples, the pride of Siam, and anyone who dared to steal or smuggle them was punished with death. Once known as the royal cat of beautiful and fascinating Siamese Siam, it was only present at the royal courts and in Siam’s temples.
There are different stories about the Siamese hook tail, according to which the princesses inscribed their rings, and the cat made his hook tail so there was no possibility of losing them. It is said that strabismus, another characteristic of the first Siamese, was due to the fact that these cats were the guards of the Siamese temples with the task of supervising the objects of worship in them.
In order to fulfill its attributions, the cat danced around the precious vessels and did not get rid of them. Many of the initial specimens showed convergent strabismus and tail abnormalities, aspects initially accepted by the standard, but with the time excluded.
In 1793, the German explorer Simion Pallas makes references in his writings on Siamese. The Siamese ancestral ancestors do not know for sure, but as the name reflects, Siam is the region of origin. The first specimens compared to those of today’s breed presented a more rustic exterior appearance, much closer to that of the European type, the contrast between the color of the extremities and that of the rest of the body being not striking, the blue of the eyes less intense, the head rounded. Thus, the selection programs have improved the color and appearance of the coat and enhanced the blue color of the eyes.
The Siamese manage to become known and reach the West only at the end of the nineteenth century. The first copies were viewed with suspicion due to short hair, too exotic appearance for European taste and too fine constitution.
Two subjects of unknown origin were presented in 1871 at an exhibition at Crystal Palace, London, which led to various reactions to the world of cat lovers. In 1885, at another exhibition at the Crystal Palace, Siamese was awarded the title of the most beautiful cat with short hair.
In 1890, the first Siamese copies are imported into the United States and the United Kingdom. In 1892, the first standard for the Siamese breed was established by the GCCF (Governing Council of the Cat Fancy) in England. In 1914, the Siamese Cat Society of America established the breed standard, being accepted by CFA in 1927.
Siamese Cat Aspect
The standard of the modern race describes a sleek, thin, flexible and muscular body. The head has a slight thin-triangle shape. The eyes are almond blue and oblique with large ears positioned at the base of the head.
It is said that the positioning of the ears should form a perfect triangle with the tip of the nose. Siamese have white fur on the body and colored at the extremities due to mutation in the production of melanin leading to partial albinism.
The fur is colored only in the cold parts of the body. Kittens at birth are white, and as they mature, the fur changes color. The characteristic spots of the breed appear after the first four weeks and can have colors like brown, chocolate, lilac or blue-gray.
The original cats suffered from strabismus which in time was eliminated by selective multiplication. He, strabismus, can still be found on the streets of the Thailand.
Siamese Cat Behavior
Siamese are recognized for their talent to communicate with their human comrades. If you want to have peace of mind when you get back from work, this race may not be a good idea.
Prolonged Siamese kiss may be a little annoying to some, but Siamese breeders appreciate the ability of the breed to communicate. Siamese are majestic in their master’s affective manipulation. Siamese are sociable and dependent on their human companions.
They are intelligent and loyal, claiming attention, affection, and active involvement in their lives. If they are left alone too often, they are sorry and lose their characteristic vivacity. Once you have created a strong relationship with them, you can be sure to have a loving companion and devoted to life.
Very energetic, with a great capacity to react, Siamese likes to always be in the spotlight. Sociable and affectionate, she does not like to stay alone. It adapts very well to the interior life, creating certain chords. He establishes a strong relationship with one of the family members, whom he will constantly pursue, becoming possessive and jealous.
It is tolerance with other pets and with children, as long as she feels she is the most important. Particular aspects Siamese need minimal care. Their fur is very short, dense and gripped without a substrate. Their favorite brush is your very own hand, which gently caresses your body.
You can also use a rubber brush, so brushing them once a week will keep them clean and glossy. Siamese is a cat that fights moderately.
Siamese Cat Features
Currently, within the Siamese breed there are a total of 42 color varieties, which we can distinguish either by color or color combinations or by the designs of the robes.
Although there are several varieties, only four are known as blue, blue, lilac, chocolate and beige, all of which are derived.
Seal-Point Siamese – have an open-beige beige robe, with the chocolate-colored extremities of milk or red beige, with the mask, ears, paws, and tail pigmented in dark-brown. The eyes are of noble blue.
Siamese Lilac Point – have a white-blue robe with pink reflections. The mask is pale gray with pink reflexes. The pussy and the pillows are of pale lilac-hue to the lavender color.
Chocolate-Point Siamese – have ivory veneer with chestnut-colored bottoms and cushions, with a warmer hue on the mask, ears and tail.
Blue-Point Siamese, considered to be “venerable”, have the color of a white-glowing, blue-like, similar to porcelain reflection.
Siamese Cat Diseases
Siamese are generally healthy cats, but, as with other pure breeds, some genetic traits were found at some lines. Some Siamese are prone to gingivitis, amyloidosis (dystrophic liver disease) and cardiopathy.
With proper nutrition, movement, medical care (vaccinations, deparasites, periodic checks, etc.) and ailment from the master, the Siamese will be long-lived. Siamese is the target of current cats-specific illnesses in general, with no increased frequency of one of them.
Males are not protected from feline urologic syndrome (kidney or bladder peel formation), which is why increased attention should be paid to food and possible difficulties in urinating.
After a certain age, depending on the individual, they tend to put dental plaque, especially on molars and carnations. Ideally, after 6-8 years of age, even if you have a healthy specimen, you can have a routine checkup and some investigations (ultrasound, radiography, blood and urine tests) to detect possible sensitivities in advance and to try remedying them with proper nutrition or appropriate treatment.
The average life expectancy of Siamese is 13-15 years.