- Origin: Scotland
- Group: Shepherd dogs
- Weight: 9 – 11 kg
- Height: 33 – 41 cm
- Colors: tricolor (white, black, brown)
- Training: easy, intelligent
- Care: the double coat requires brushing
- Temperament: intelligent, active, calm, energetic
- Health: Gets overweight
- Puppies: 4-6
- Average age: 12 – 15 years
The Shetland Shepherd Dog is named after Scotland’s Shetland Island. Initially the breed originated from the Border Collie coupling and the Greenland dogs brought by whale hunters, sailors, merchants and sailors. Since the 18th century, Shetland specimens have been brought to England where breeders have begun a process of breed improvement.
Later on, after a series of spikes controlled with spitz dogs, the race was born. Originally called Shetland Collie, but because it was confusing with the other Collie breed the name was changed to Shetland Sheepdog (Shetland Shepherd).
The selection process lasted until the 19th century. In the 20th century the breed was officially recognized. The first registered Sheltie was a female named “Badenock Rose”
In the island where he had his birth origins gradually disappeared, the dog being replaced by the bigger brother Border collie.
Shetland Shepherd’ Food
The number of meals is 2, although 3 would be ideal. The amount of food depends on dog size, age, metabolism and activity level. Each dog is unique, just like humans.
It is said that a dog’s health is seen in activity level and in fur. At Shetland Shepherd you can see this very well because it is an energetic dog and has a long fur.
If you feed your dog with food purchased from the store, be it dry or wet, be careful to be of quality. If you choose for home-cooked food, take care of the proportions of protein, vitamins or fat. Keep in mind that Shetland Shepherd is predisposed to obesity.
The dog must always have a bowl of water to drink when he is thirsty. Remember that sweets are not good for pets. If you want to make it a joy go to an animal shop and buy rewards. Chocolate is toxic to dogs.
Shetland Shepherd’s Appearance
The Shetland Shepherd has a height of 33 – 41 cm and a weight of 9 – 11 kg. It is a small-medium sized dog. The eyes are dark or blue. The ears are small, short with the tips bent forward. The nose is black.
The double and long coat provides the dog with a thermal and weather protection. It fades almost all year round.
Standard Shetland shepherd’s colors are brown, black and white. Most copies have three-color fur: white, black and brown. There are specimens dominated by brown or almost entirely missing.
Dogs that have white color more than 50% of the body surface are deprived in competitions. There are also dogs whose genes have been modified and may have white fur with black and blue or brown with white and blue in varying proportions.
Shetland Shepherd’s Behavior
The Shetland Shepherd dog is intelligent, active and working. It has a calm personality and if it does not have tasks to do it would play all day with the owners or other animals near the house.
Later because he wants attention, he’s looking for play comrades. Many specimens are very active, they show a fantastic energy and are hard to master until they do not consume it.
He loves children, understands the little ones and can be a pleasant companion. It is recommended for those who have the time to provide it with almost daily brushing. It has no aggressive tendencies, it is not irritable and does not attack unprovoked. They are generally shy and restrained.
Although it is not a big dog it does not trust strangers, caution is one of its qualities. It is used to guard the house, manage sheep flocks and as a pet.
It is very good at climbing and jumping, it is fast, precise and disciplined.
Shetland Shepherd’s Training
Training is the way of communication between dog and man. It’s like a school where he learns how to behave in society. The Shetland Shepherd, like any other dog, needs training.
Its advantage is that it learns much faster than other dogs. He has the intelligence, the desire to learn and to master his master.
He needs socialization, movement and training. They need to know at least the basic commands (sitting, lying) so they can communicate more easily. He adores his training to have many challenges. Has strong instincts of a flock dog.
They’re very good guard dogs. They are considered to be some of the smartest dogs in the world.
Shetland Shepherd’s Features
Shetland Shepherd dog is not a hard-to-care dog but requires little patience. The long and double coat needs regular brushing because hair falls almost all throughout the year.
Attention to the hairy throats, the thistles that can take them out. Besides the fur, do not forget to check his ears and claws periodically (especially those who grow this race in the block).
He loves the outdoor move because it’s an active dog. He performs with pleasure all the tasks that are given to him to please his master.
This dogs are preferred for their affection, attachment and gentleness.
Shetland Shepherd Diseases
The Shetland Shepherd dog can be prone to small dog syndrome. Disease refers to some behavioral problems of some dog breeds.
With proper training and normal animal activity, chances are very small for the disease to manifest itself. For those who stay in the block daily walks, which must necessarily be at least two, in the morning and in the evening, are mandatory.
Predisposition to obesity. The dog can easily gain weight if it does not move. It can be eliminated if the companion makes his daily routine of exercises and walks.
A low-risk genetic disease is an abnormality that is more present in the Border collie, but it also appears to occur in Shetland.
Other diseases that have been encountered at Shetland are: epilepsy, hip dysplasia, skin syndrome, or von Willebrand’s disease. These diseases will not necessarily appear in each specimen.