Quagga (Equus quagga quagga) is a subspecies of field zebra. Quagga could be found in large numbers in South Africa. It was easy to distinguish from zebra, having stripes only on the front of the body.
The only copies of Quagga photographed in life were those from the London zoo in 1870. It lived in southern parts of South Africa in the pastureland. They were limited to the north by the Orange River (Orange), to the west by the Vaal River, and to the southeast by the great river Kei. Quagga was hunted for meat. It is one of the many victims of the extinction of the modern human race.
Initially, it was classified as an individual species, Equus Quagga, in 1778. As with zebras, due to the large variation in the “coat” of each individual, there are no two identical animals. The last wild Quagga was shot in the late 1870s and the last captive specimen, a mare, died on August 12, 1883 at the Artis Natura Magistra Zoo in Amsterdam.
Quagga was the first animal to study his DNA. Research confirms that Quagga was not a separate species, but a subspecies of field zebra. According to the nomenclature, if there are two or more names assigned to the same animal, the first assigned name is used.
After discovering the close relationship between Quagga and Zebras, the Quagga project was initiated by Reinhold Rau (1932-2006) in South Africa to recreate Quagga with the help of the zebras of the plain to reintroduce it into the wild. On January 20, 2005, a baby named Henry was born. At the beginning of 2006, the 3rd and 4th generation are very similar to Quagga.