The python belongs to the family Pythonidae.
Its name comes from the Greek language and is a family of non-venomous snakes that can be found in Africa, Asia and Australia (India, southern China, Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, etc.).
They are some of the largest snakes in the world. At present eight genera and 26 species of pythons are known.
They kill their prey by the force of their body. It wraps around the loin and tightens it by putting pressure on it until it gives up due to pain or shortness of breath.
Large specimens usually eat prey the size of a cat or dog. There have been cases where an adult python has eaten a deer, or a gazelle.
The prey is swallowed whole.
The digestion process in snakes lasts from a few days to several weeks.
Most of the specimens are ambush predators. They usually remain prepared for attack in a camouflaged position.
When the prey pass through their range they immediately attack. It does not attack people unless they are scared or challenged.
Exceptions are those who protect their eggs. It can attack and swallow even children after it kills them by suffocation.
Reports indicate that attacks on people are rare.
The female python lay their eggs. This differentiates them from the Boa snake that gives birth to live baby snakes.
After laying eggs, the females incubate until they hatch. This is done by stimulating the muscles, raising the temperature to a certain degree.
Keeping eggs at a constant temperature is essential for healthy embryo development. In the incubation period the females will not feed to maintain high body temperature.
Most species of this family are commercially available as exotic animals. In the case of large specimens, maximum care should be taken.
There have been cases in which the owners were killed.