Pterodactylus was an interesting flying carnivore dinosaur who lived in the Upper Jurassic, from the Mesozoic era. The first fossil remains of a Pterodactylus specimen were discovered by naturalist A. Cosmo Collini in 1784 in Germany.
Later in 1809, on the basis of other discoveries made in England, France, Germany and Tanzania, the dinosaur was described by paleologist George Cuvier in 1801.
The researchers estimated the size of an adult specimen as follows: the wingspan of 0.3-2 m and the body weight of 1.8-2 kg. The skull was sharp, flat and elongated, and the upper part in some specimens was right and some slightly convex.
The nasal area formed a right angle with the jaw line. The large jaws of this dinosaur were endowed with many sharp and conical teeth, larger in the upper jaw and lower in the lower one, which had a slightly different shape – it was right and flat.
The skull was only 10 cm long and the beak was extraordinarily long. The head position was slightly bent forward due to the angle formed between the skull and the neck.
Paleontologists reconstructed the complete skeleton of this prehistoric animal and concluded that if viewed as a whole it had an impressive appearance, the body was relatively narrow, the bones of the elongated pelvis, and the very thin and anterior limbs.
The tail was very short, rigid, made up of just a few vertebrae. The stern seemed rather fragile and had an oval shape. The forearm was long, the humerus short and slightly curved, the paw was very small, and the metacarpian bones were not very long.
The forelegs had four fingers with sharp claws, three of which had a medium length and a very long fourth supporting wing. The hind legs were long, had a straight femur, ending with four long fingers, with small, hard, curved claws.
The skeleton of a Pterodactylus was extremely easy, consisting of bare bones in the inside, and the heart and lungs assured the blood and oxygen requirements in all parts of the body. Apparently he was a warm-blooded animal because he had constant temperature in the whole body. Perhaps the wings and body were covered by fur – protecting it from cold in the cold months.
They lived in the colonies, took great care of their offspring, and the fact that they developed very quickly was probably due to the fact that they were fed very well, especially insects and less fish.
On the ground they moved harder on their thin limbs, but in flight they reached high speeds, they were planning to wind up, and with vertical wings of landings they landed on their distal posterior limbs. At night they stood next to each other like bats, clinging to the branches of the trees, and hanging their heads downward, keeping their wings close and close to the body.
This short-tailed flying dinosaur lived in areas near water courses and fed with various small animals, fishes and insects.