- Origin: Peru
- Group: Ogre
- Weight: 12 – 23 kg
- Height: 40-50 cm
- Colors: white, black, gray, pink, brown
- Training: easy to train
- Care: needs sun protection
- Temperament: calm, intelligent, fast, agile
- Health: Predisposed to dental and skin disorders
- Puppies: 3 to 5
- Average age: 11 to 12 years old
Called “Peruvian Hairless Dog”, this dog is considered one with a long past. However, today is a rare breed of dogs, if not ranked at the top of this ranking.
Originally from Peru, the race has a controversial history, without its already established origin. It is generally stated that this dog comes from the time of the Inca Empire, but archaeological evidence (ceramic vessels or statuettes) of pre-Inca crops near the coast show such dogs.
Another theory states that these dogs would have been brought to the area by the Chinese, who crossed the Strait of Bering and reached these places. The fact is that the Spaniards, when they conquered South America, were surprised to discover a society so developed. In this civilization they also saw these dogs without hair, the preference of the noble houses.
Unfortunately the intervention of the Spanish conquerors was at the expense of the dogs that were almost exterminated. The few remaining specimens were in the households of simple rural people.
It is also said that this breed would come from a Mexican dog without hair, Xoloitzcuintli, brought by the Ecuadorian merchants in Peru, on merchant ships, where they were kept as source of food.
In the United States, a similar breed developed, many of which are confused with this, called the “Peruvian Inca Orchid”. This breed also comes from the Peruvian hairless dog, but it has developed a little differently.
Peruvian Dog’s Food
Hairless Peruvian dog is different from a dog with fur. Besides having advantages, it also has some necessities that many do not know. One of these needs is food.
Due to the fact that it does not have hair, the skin is in direct contact with the air and can cause skin irritation or, on the contrary, the skin can dry out.
Feeding really matters for a hairless dog. It takes its energy to warm up his body so you have to pay attention to the quality of the food.
It is known that almost all dogs of hairless breeds are prone to teeth problems. This is one more reason to take care of your dog’s teeth.
He must have a clean dentition. It is recommended that besides fresh water at his discretion, after each meal, give it a toothbrush.
Food is good to part in 2-3 daily meals. It must contain proteins, vitamins and minerals needed for the animal. Most dogs get their meat protein requirements. Maize is not recommended, but it is not excluded.
Peruvian Dog’s Aspect
Fragrant in appearance, the hairless Peruvian dog presents the most important external feature – the absence of hair. The dog may have a few tufted hair at the top of the head, on the legs and at the tip of the tail.
In Peru, breeders tend to prefer dogs completely hairless. With a greyhound-like constitution, these dogs are graceful, well-proportioned. The head is represented by the slightly elongated cranial area and a narrow facial area.
Rounded, almond-colored, dark-colored eyes tend to strabismus in sunlight due to increased sensitivity. Lips are wrinkled. The hair-free ears, like the candle flame, can sometimes show a few tufted hair on the peaks.
The skin is soft and cut; can be strongly pigmented, marbled in any color and in any combination on a pink background, or may be in one color. Albinism is not allowed.
Peruvian dog without hair is found in the following varieties of waist: – miniature height 25-40 cm in withers and weighing 4-8 kg; – medium with a height of 40-50 cm and a weight of 8-12 kg; – Large with a height of 50-65 cm and a weight of 12-25 kg. Dogs must be elegant, giving the impression of strength and harmony, without being rude. The ratio of height (to withers) and length (from the withers to the base of the tail) must be 1: 1.
Peruvian Dog’s Behavior
Slowly, calmly and intelligently, he is a night dog because he does not like daylight and sunrise, sometimes called “Moonflowers.” They do not like being alone, but when they are educated, they can get used to it.
It is a dog that can be used both in the home and outside. They are agile and swift. Despite its qualities, its natural character does not make it fit for those who did not have a dog. They need an owner to understand “dog language”.
There are dogs that get used to living in a home. It is advisable to provide them with enclosed green spaces, as they have the skills of greyhounds and may be able to escape at any time during the pursuit of any animal.
The specimens of this breed should be held predominantly in the house to protect them from various external factors. They should be wrapped in a coat in winter and should be kept in a comfortable climate during the summer. You have to remember that they are not protected by a hairy shell and that they are naturally “naked”.
The breed is ideal for people with hair allergy. They are very intelligent, independent, perspiring dogs and are loyal and tolerant with children. They are friendly with other dogs, but they can become possessors and protectors just as well. Having some native sensibilities, these animals are strictly addressed to those who commit themselves to proper care.
Peruvian Dog’s Training
It’s a smart dog. With a steady training, consistently done with gentleness, patience and without speeding it you can have a pet as you go.
Even with adequate training is not recommended for those who have no longer had the responsibility of a dog or those who have never had a dog.
Peruvian Dog’s Features
The fact that this dog is not covered by hair does not mean that their skin does not require care. The skin should be protected as much as possible from sunlight. Good sun protection should be ensured, especially if the dog is pulled out on hot days. Toilets and brushes regularly to remove the dead skin and to maintain soft and velvety, exfoliable creams for human use.
If you do not want to present your copy at exhibitions and your dog is kept in a proper living environment, it is best not to intervene in this natural process of desquamation and let that process naturally occur.
It is very important to keep his skin supple and soft and prevent it from drying out; it is recommended to use creams or lotions or sometimes even rub the skin with oil. Periodically wash these dogs using a delicate soap.
Their skin is susceptible to sunburn, dry irritation, and irritation (produced by dogs, cats or objects). It is a very pure breed that does not give specific smell and is rarely parasitic (without the persecution).
There are different theories according to which the body temperature would be a few degrees higher than in other breeds, that these dogs would be vegetarian and that they would not bark, etc. The veracity of these aspects is left to your curiosity.
Peruvian Dog’s Diseases
The breed is known to have fewer teeth than other breeds, mainly missing molars and premolars. They are recognized as being prone to dental and skin disorders. They tend to develop acne or, finally, furuncles. The skin is also prone to dryness, which is why it requires special care.
Also, dogs have to be protected from hot and sunny days because they are prone to sunburns and burns on the skin as well as on cool or hot days. Peruvian Hairless Dog shows an increased incidence of cryptorchidism (lack of testicles descending in the scrotum, either in the abdominal cavity or somewhere in the inguinal canal tract) and testicular infantilism (testicles much smaller than normal).
The average life expectancy is between 11-12 years.