- Origin: Persia (Iran)
- Obtained: Crossing
- Weight: 3.5 – 5.5 kg
- Colors: All colors
- Coat: long
- Temperament: affectionate, sociable, discreet
- Health: Bending deformity, breathing deficiency, tearing
- Kittens: 3 to 5
- Average age: 10 to 15 years
The genesis of this cat breed is not fully edified. While many are inclined to say that the Persian cat is native to Persia (current Iran), Turkey and the other surrounding countries, others say they would come from ancient Egypt.
In Europe, they apparently appeared during the Great Crusade in 1300, but there was evidence that the Italian writer Pietro della Volle brought a pair of this breed.
Many of them wanted to have a Persian cat in their home as a pet.
Unfortunately, no matter how much we try to find the best historical references, the true origins and history of the Persian cat have been covered by the sands of time.
Persian Cat Aspect
Under the appearance of a heavy and fat animal, dense, long-furred fur, a compact cat is hidden, whose body must be strong, solid and supple at the same time.
The ideal Persian muscles are strong and well developed and the bone is robust and well proportioned. The back is short and straight and the tail, worn lower than other cat breeds, but not curved, should be relatively short in perfect harmony with the rest of the body.
The chest should be wide but not overly massive and legs, finished with round and compact cushions, should be straight.
The Persian’s fur is thick, bushy and long, and consists of two layers; the “sub-hair” layer, which is very common, causes the upper layer to stay ‘inflated’, especially in the neck area, as a collar, continued on the chest and between the front legs.
The care of the Persian fur is laborious, due to the tendency of the yarns to break and get stuck – if you plan to buy a Persian, you need to take into account the fact that it requires daily hair care.
If the hair is not properly groomed and clogged, underneath each node there may be skin lesions that are unpleasant for both the cat and the treatment they require. The head of the Persian is round and short, with broad, massive bones; the skull is wide and the profile shows the perfect alignment between the forehead, nose and chin.
Very often, due to this particularity, the cat seems “upset” – an ideal Persian, yet meeting this desideratum, should have a pleasant expression of the face.
Strong jaws close in a correct bite and the neck supports, through a wide and well developed muscles, the Persian’s massive head – it is short, thick and strong.
The Persian ears are small, triangular, slightly curved, placed lower than most cat breeds, and do not come out too much of the rounded contour of the head. The eyes, in line with the coat color, are large, expressive, wide open and rounded, spaced apart from each other.
Persian Cat Behavior
The Persian, with its charm and unbeatable beauty, is considered the “aristocrat” of cats.
Calm and calculated, Persian is perfectly satisfied with apartment life. Sociable, peaceful, never aggressive, sweet and affectionate, she has a special attachment to the master.
He understands perfectly with children and dogs. In the face of strangers shows the distance. The meadow is discreet and quite rare. It touches maturity around the age of 16-18 months, and the puberty period lasts 4-6 months.
It takes time, patience, and peace of mind to grow it. The well-educated animal, especially the cat, is charming and becomes a pleasant companion. He is not fraught with the curiosity characteristic of other races, he does not want to ruin or search everything.
Persian Cat Features
These cats require special care, from the kitten phase, the coat maintenance is a complicated activity. Otherwise, the Persian’s fur will become infected and will cause the animal a discomfort.
The brushing should last at least 15 minutes and is done in the opposite direction to hair growth, with the purpose of removing dead yarns, dust and knots.
The tail, the paws and the abdomen are very sensitive areas, so you have to treat them delicately. Bath is not a problem for Persian cats and it’s good to do it once a week. Water temperature must be appropriate.
Use a special shampoo, avoiding the eye area. After washing, wipe the coat very well and dry it at room temperature. The Persians are very lousy.
Persian Cat Diseases
Tooth abnormalities, bending deformities can lead to the cat’s inability to feed his prey. Maxillas of highly selective specimens do not close normally, and the tip of the tongue hangs from their mouths.
Another unpleasant anomaly, frequent in Persian cats, is the tearing of the eyes. The lacrimal channels are short and very curved, so that tears do not flow naturally.
If the eyes of the cat are not treated with care, unsightly ulcerations may appear around them. In severe cases, the cat’s nose deforms to such an extent that breathing deficiencies may occur.
Approximately 38-40% of Persian cats suffer from PKD (polycystic kidney), a genetic disease. Excessive length of the fur causes a particular sensibility of the skin, as well as seborrheic hypersecretion or eczema.