In 1915, on the territory of today’s Tanzania, the fossil remains of the Kentrosaurus dinosaur were discovered in Africa by the paleontologist and explorer Werner Ernst Martin Janensch and described by the Berlinian paleontologist Edwin Henning.
This prehistoric animal lived in the Mesozoic era in Upper Jurassic, about 156 million years ago. An almost completely reconstructed skeleton is presented at the Museum of Natural History in Berlin, and another described in more detail and more thoroughly at the Institute of Geology Museum at the oldest German university – Eberhard Karls in the city of Tuebingen.
It was a medium-sized dinosaur that was about 4-5 meters long, 2 meters high and 1.5 tonnes tall.
This dinosaur had a body equipped with a protective casing that protects it against the predators and natural stories. It resembled the other spinous, but it had some peculiarities that made it unique.
Both sides of the spine had two thin, thin, thin, triangular triangular plaque strings stretching from the neck to the middle of the back. Continuing back to the tip of the tail had two rows of thorns, which were up to 60 cm in length.
The sides of the shoulders and basin were also provided with a pair of very sharp spikes, one on each side of the body, which provided the animal with protection in these areas in front of a predator attack of a predator. Paleontologists thought these bones were covered with skin and crossed by numerous blood vessels, and their role was to defend themselves against attacks by other dinosaur species and to adjust body temperature.
The skull of a Kentrosaurus shows that the brain volume was small but had a well-developed olfactory feel due to the large nasal cavities. In the tail area there was a cavity that contained a nervous ganglion to control the movements of the posterior limbs and the tail.
The tail and the limbs were large and very muscular, and in the posterior part of the body there was also a powerful tendon system that allowed the animal to keep its tail high. In case of danger, he used his tail as a defensive weapon, fluttering it in front of the predator, and wounding him with his large and sharp thorns by removing it.
It had short, strong limbs and long, muscular posterior limbs, and their shape made the researchers conclude that they moved like a four-legged four. Certainly it sometimes rises on the limbs to break the leaves and branches of the trees, but the conformation and the weight of the body show that it does not resist too much in this position.
It was an herbivorous dinosaur that adapted very well to environmental conditions, lived on river banks and savannah, and its food consisted of different plants growing on the ground.
Sometimes it eats branches, seeds, or tree bark, which he ripped flat and elongated, and cut them off with the tiny, tiny masses.