Hungarian Puli Dog Breed
- Origin: Hungary
- Group: Sheepdog
- Weight: Male: 11-16 kg Females: 9-14
- Height: Male: 39-45 cm Females: 36-42 cm
- Colors: white, black, cream, silver, brown, tiger
- Training: Easy to train
- Care: Pay attention to the fur
- Temperament: agile, obedient, loyal, energetic, intelligent
- Health: disease-resistant
- Puppies: 4-6
- Average age: 12-16 years
Puli (plural pulik) is not only an interesting dog, but also has an interesting history. It is believed that at the end of the 9th century, when the Hungarians arrived in Hungary, they brought with them the shepherd dogs. These dogs were used to preserve and guard the sheep. They are considered to be the ancestors of Puli, a smart pet.
The development of different types of shepherd dogs was based on their role in sheep keeping. Light colored sheep dogs, which eventually became Kuvaszas and Komondors today, were used to guard the flocks during the night, making it easier to notice after the darkness compared to Puli.
The Black Puli was more often used for sheep’s culling during the day. Sheep seem to have followed better the instructions given by a darker dog, and the shepherd could sense his dog much easier than with a sheep-like dog.
The Puli dog was appreciated for his agile and slow movements, which gave him the quality of pastor and leader of herds.
In the 17th century, after Hungary invaded, citizens from other parts of the world came or returned to the country. The breed was paired with European shepherd dogs and so a new dog breed called Pumi appeared.
At first confusion was made between the two races. Thanks to the efforts of Emil Raitsits in the early 1900s, Puli was brought back to life, being a completely separate race compared to Pumi. The American Kennel Club recognized the Puli in 1936 as a member of the shepherd class.
It does not have any special requirements in terms of food. He understands well with all kinds of food, whether it’s special, or from the master’s table.
Also, this dog does not pose any particular problems, although it has a good appetite, but the owners will not have the opportunity to see that a breed representative will start to grow fat.
Puli is the smallest of the medium-sized Hungarian shepherd dogs. The dog has a compact and muscular body that fits in a square, covered with a coat made of hair arranged in strings. The head of this dog is round or oval in profile, being covered by the same hair type.
He has almond-colored eyes, coffee-colored ears, medium-sized, pedunculated ears, pigmented in black and a bent tail, wearing a “pretzel” on the back that is not noticeable.
This dog’s fur is unique. The mouth is soft, often rosy (mythos). The outer hair is long and abundant.
In the adult, the fur can reach to the ground. Puli is found in different varieties of color: black rust, black, cream and white, but in principle black is the most common color.
The eaya and ears of this dog must be periodically toilets, and the nails shortened. The breed does not remove its hair (it does not shed), but it should be clipped periodically. It needs enough time to move. Puli dogs are energetic and full of life, being ecstatic when they are allowed to play, especially if the owner or other companion canine joins them.
Some of them are in love with the water and they are very good swimmers, but not everyone excels in this quality, so if they are allowed to swim, they should be supervised. If the obedience training is not done, this dog can develop a dominant personality.
Puli is a dog without a mix of colors, usually black. Other less common colors are white, gray, or cream. A variety of cream-colored puppies have a black mask. The average breadth of these dogs is 42 cm in female and 43 cm in males.
Females weigh 10-12 pounds, males slightly more. The difference between a Komondor and Puli is in size and color. The most common color is black. No spots, streaks or other color mixes are allowed on either of the two races.
The Komondor is only white, while Puli can be white, cream, yellow or black.
He is a tender and intelligent dog. Once the need for canine pastors has dropped, Puli has become an avid companion. Always wishing to be busy, Puli is a medium-sized dog, agile who loves to have an activity.
Fully friendly, Puli is very loyal to his family. Their native intelligence makes them very easy to educate and train, but it also enables them to “think” and act on their own, at will.
This dogs are both submissive and independent, and some may become aggressive with children and strangers if they have not socialized in due time. Although he is cautious with strangers, he is never aggressive, but he can bark dangerously if he feels the owner is in danger.
They are early dogs, very easy to train, as long as calm methods are used to stimulate them. Training should start as early as possible, because later he could develop attitudes that will not like you so much. A well-trained Puli will excel in obedience and agility.
And because it’s all about agility, a copy of this breed needs 40-60 minutes of training a day. They are very adaptable and like to play, but they will accompany you just as cheerfully on a long walk, or they will play crazy in the garden or in the park.
Puli dogs are appreciated for their energy and determination, which is the result of their past of shepherd dogs. Each Puli dog is an innate and instinct shepherd knows how to keep a flock of sheep or a herd, even if he was raised as a family dog and was never trained to do so.
It is advisable to start training as early as possible, especially with regard to listening. When they reach maturity, they are very independent, strong and very hard to train.
He is a very intelligent dog, understands almost anything and will try to organize his answers in words, creating almost a speech. A well-trained Puli will not only understand the master’s words, but will be able to observe and determine the owner’s wishes and fulfill them as an order.
They are excellent dogs for families, adapting to most of their life and circumstances. He will love to live in the country as well as in an apartment. They are pretty active inside the home, but they will adapt without the need for a yard.
It is an energetic, friendly and protective dog with his master and his property. He seems to prefer to live outdoors in the open air. It will adapt to any climate, either cooler or warmer.
Puli is a very protective dog with its territory, which makes it an excellent shepherd dog and guard for the farm. They are not recommended to families with small children who may not care or be mischievous with them, although if they are raised with puppies, they will definitely tolerate them.
The “cord” coat is formed around the age of 6 months, at which time the deep, soft and rosy puff mingles with the harsher outer hair.
As you probably expect, Puli needs proper coat care to keep its appearance and smell in good condition. The broken hair that could be formed during this period should be disassembled by hand. The formed balls will be removed from the base of the hair.
Each fur is different, but as a general idea these “cords” should not be thinner than the diameter of a pencil. The care of the coat is a relaxing and enjoyable process for both the dog and the owner, and if done periodically, it takes a little time.
Some choose to loosen the cords and give a flock to the dog. Others leave the fur as it is naturally, maintenance is much easier since only the fur around the cords should be cared for and only occasionally washed. If left in the natural state, the Puli will require regular bathing to remove the strong smell that may appear.
Puli is generally a very resistant dog with little native sensitivity. Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the coxfemoral joint that results in pain and consecutive arthritis. Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes degeneration of nerve cells in the retina. Affection usually starts with older dogs and can lead to blindness. The life expectation of a Puli is between 12-16 years.