Hippocampus kuda or golden sehorse is the most well-known and most popular member of the Syngnathidae family, the genus Syngnathiformes.
It is a saltwater fish originated from the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean.
In antiquity, the Greeks and Romans believed that these small marine creatures are a symbol of power, being associated with the god of the great Poseidon / Neptune.
In European mythology it is believed that these sea calipers guided the souls of those who lost their lives at sea, helping them to reach the world beyond and protecting them until they found peace.
You can find them in international literature with the following names: common seahorse, seahorse estuary or yellow seahorse and, of course, the scientific name Hippocampus kuda.
Golden Seahorse’s Food
High calf food can be a problem because these fish have a very small mouth and eat only small marine animals such as shrimps or even guppy chicks.
Most aquarists that own such fish grow also shrimp, because sea horses have to eat at least 4 times a day.
Golden seahorses are solicitants in terms of maintenance. They are often peaceful compared to other fish in the aquarium. They are a species of carnivorous calves. He prefers a wide range of invertebrates.
They feed on different varieties of shrimp, especially grasses, mosquitoes and larvae.
Golden Seahorse’s Features
As the name says, golden seahorse has the appearance of a miniature horse. Better said, his head resembles that of a horse, with an elongated bosom.
The eyes are normally positioned and move independently of each other. The trunk of this fish is slightly curved, and the tail is long and prehensile.
As far as coloring is concerned, it can be as varied in golden shades from beige to yellow. There are also black specimens that have small dark spots.
All seahorses have the ability to change their color depending on the environment in which they live. The body is not covered by scales, but presents some very strong bone formations.
The dimensions that Hippocampus kuda can reach vary between 7 and 17 cm; in the sea it swim in a vertical position, tilting the body according to the direction it wishes to follow. The difference between the female and the male is visible, the latter presenting an incubator bag at the base of the abdomen.
The number of aquarists who are willing to host in their aquarium such marine life is not big. It is not very difficult to maintain, but the aquarium has to be arranged according to strict rules.
If in the natural environment the seahorse spends most of the time around coral reefs, playing and clinging to it with prehensile tails, the aquarium must be arranged to mimic the natural environment as much as possible.
Moreover, golden seahorse swims rarely and prefer a quiet environment.
Golden Seahorse’s Reproduction
Reproduction is not too easy. As I said earlier, the male has a bag on the abdomen where the female puts eggs after the male is “courting” it.
After 4-5 weeks of egg fertilization, the male will give birth to dozens of babies.
They are very difficult to grow at first, because they need to be fed with tiny dishes.