German Shorthair Pointer Dog Breed

German Shorthair pointer
  • Origin: Germany
  • Group: Sporting
  • Weight: 35 – 60 kg
  • Height: 55 – 65 cm
  • Colors: white-brown with shades of white, black, liver color.
  • Training: he is intelligent and stubborn, he trains easily
  • Care: minimal, needs daily movement
  • Temperament: smart, brave, affectionate
  • Health: Generally healthy, without major medical problems
  • Puppies: 7 – 8
  • Average age: 12 – 15 years


The German Shorthaired Pointer comes from the Spanish pointer, which was brought to Germany in the 1600s. The history of the German Shorthaired pointer begins with dogs that were used in hunting with feathered hunting, especially in the Mediterranean countries, in combination with falconry. The pointers reached the German courts via France, Spain and Flanders.

The most important characteristic of these dogs was the performance of the stud. After the firearm with two pipes was invented in 1750, the need for the dog became stringent. The feather hunt was shot in front of the dog. This was the beginning of the transition from a simple pointer to a versatile dog.

In 1872 when the breed already had a development and there were numerous breeders, it began to register the dogs in a book of origin. The first dog in the book of origin was Hektor I a white-brown male, breeder and owner of Hess, from Zienitz / Goehrde, born in 1872 from Diana and Hektor.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Food

The diet is good to be based on a type of food adapted to the age, specific dynamics and waist and, we argue, it is ideal to be represented with cooked food, with the contribution of vegetables, flour and well-treated animal products.

It is true, I also said on another occasion, the preparation of adequate, healthy food for a dog (keeping the balance of vitamins, minerals, salts, fats) can be considered a time-consuming practice, in times when this resource it becomes more and more unassuming.

Sometimes it can be considered expensive, but this opinion can be easily contradicted. Undoubtedly, it is very healthy, avoids a large part of the chemicals (additives, preservatives, dyes, etc.) included in the process of making food for dogs of commercial origin and, very important, strengthens the affective owner-animal relationship.

Those who love hunting and longtime practice will support the theory that any hunting dog should have raw meat, preferably hunting, on the menu.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Aspect

The German Shorthaired Pointer has a dark brown (liver color) or black color (single color), or combinations of white and one of the two colors mentioned above, either on a white background, colored spots and splashes, or a uniform mixture of white and colored yarns, with or no more brown or black spots. These dogs are noted for their suppleness, athletic appearance and a certain elegance in attitude and movement.

Without being too heavy, the German pointer dog is strong, with muscular thighs, capable of fast movements and often changes of direction in running and jumping. The hunting dog par excellence, has a long and powerful muzzle, which allows him to engage in the fight with the difficult hunting. The eyes should be as dark as possible. Light-colored eyes are considered defective in this dog breed. Breeders prefer to amputate the tail a few days after birth, leaving about half the natural length.

The fur is smooth but not thick enough to become waterproof. Variety with fine hair is more recommended for hunting in areas with sub-tree, shrubs and dense vegetation, and short-haired for hunting. These special dogs belong to one of the few hunting breeds that can fulfill all the specific roles of the domain.

Any German Brac is a pointer (ie indicates where the hunting is), a tracking dog but also a retriever (brings the hunting after it was shot). This supple but resistant animal proves very good resources in rugged, swampy or salty terrain, and is also a good swimmer. Can also be used for large game. He is a tenacious, resistant and reliable dog.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Behavior

The right temperament for a standard German pointer is that of a smart, brave, affectionate dog with his master and his family, cooperative and easy to train. It is the family hunting dog, capable and willing to accompany the owner to a hunting party, but happily spending the rest of time with other family members.

It is very good with children, but because it has a great predisposition to play it must be tempered and guided to education and training. Shyness, fear, exaggerated submission or unprovoked aggression are considered deviant and do not represent the pure race.

This dog appreciates the active families who have experience in interacting with the dogs. Families without experience or those with sedentary tendencies are not recommended. The intruders are signaled on the territory, with a barking sound (there are dogs with a remarkable voice), but it cannot be categorized as a guard dog.

He is accustomed to the interactions of large and heterogeneous groups of hunters, so he will treat the strangers socially and calmly. The powerful hunting instinct is correct, so pay attention to small animals in the household. Isolated and inactive, this dynamic and energetic dog will become a slug and will develop destructive behaviors.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Training

The shorthaired German pointer is a smart dog, very easy to train, but can also be stubborn and disobedient. Firm, consistent and correct training is required. If properly trained, this pointer can excel in submission and hunting. This dog has a native protective instinct and must have at least one basic submission training.

Being very well equipped for a complex field and with a high degree of risk as it can be considered hunting, this talented dog should, in principle, be initiated in training of experienced people. The first behavioral training exercises and socializing lessons begin for the dogs of the German pointer breed in the general standard of any dog ​​breed.

From three months the little puppy will be inoculated, with patience, tenacity and affection the first notions of training, will learn the first commands (NO / DON’T WANT, HERE, Sit, etc.) and will be socialized with the elements of decoration and with certain people, with emphasis on the aspects that individualize each specimen (identifying the phobias and taboos of each puppy, from very early on, will give you the chance to correct them thus avoiding the behavioral deviations).

But, starting with the age of 6 months (and the latest one starting at 8 months), a German Pointer breed dog must be initiated in what we can call his “vocation”: hunting training. It is true, and many lovers of this breed can confirm it, the native dowry of a German pointer makes it quite useful in the hunting process and without a specific regular training. In other words, you can qualify for “work place”.

But, as I said before, hunting is a highly risky activity with a high level of stress, so any hunting dog must go through a specific training period. There are many licensed instructors able to educate a high dog on high standards, but the good news is that, accumulating a very small theoretical baggage (accessible from numerous sources, specialty books, Internet sites, etc.) you can even take care of training in the case of a German Pointer, for this dog is, we repeat, very intelligent and created especially for the field.

The less good news is that you must have at your disposal a suitable land, very wide, varied, obligatory with hunting on it. We refer to a hunting field, or at least to a large space, wild or conducive to hunting support (lastaris balta, forest edges, pasture hills, harvested or covered field). In other words, for effective training with this dog you need a “laboratory”, where the commands can be understood and the instinctive reactions of the dog can be discovered, monitored and educated.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Features

The breed is relatively easy to maintain, but it must be ensured daily movement.

If left alone, the German shorthaired pointer will find something to do and generally tends to become destructive.

The German pointer with short hair has a short fur that requires minimal care.

Weekly, wiping with a damp towel will keep the fur clean and shiny.

German Shorthaired Pointer’s Diseases

Generally speaking, the German pointer dog – whether we are talking about short-haired, or good-looking, is a healthy animal with few medical problems. However, experienced veterinarians, licensed breeders and those involved in monitoring and preserving this breed of dogs report on the following diseases and conditions whose frequency is higher:

Gastric torsion (dilatation) – a sudden condition that can endanger the life of a dog associated with filling the stomach with air and twisting it;

Hip dysplasia – is a malformation of the coxofemoral joint that results in pain, stinging and arthritis in a row. This condition is common to many breeds of dogs and has a higher incidence in dogs with more intense activity levels.

As the German pointer dog is by excellence predisposed (and created) for intense physical exertion, as a hunting dog with remarkable qualities, the attention given to this disease must be intensified. In general, if a puppy is over-fed in the first 8 months of life and is thus stimulated by a sudden and disproportionate growth, the danger of hip dysplasia will be considerably greater.

Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland is not functioning properly. In the absence of a sufficient amount of thyroid hormones, the disease can occur. Regular visits to a veterinary office and careful consultation by the specialist can prevent the installation of the disease;

External otitis – is a dog ear infection. If you have a German pointer with which you participate in hunting parties, carefully check the dog’s ears after the activity is over, especially if it was the case of water intake. The ears of this dog should be kept dry and cleaned of any parasites or dirt;

Granuloma – determined by excessive licking is considered a behavioral disorder, which can occur in response to a multitude of stressors that can influence the dog. Watch carefully the reaction of your German pointer dog to the influences of the external environment, observe a moderate level in training sessions and socializing, avoiding putting the animal too often in stressed situations, give him rewards every time he achieves positive performances and, most importantly, ensure your dog an appropriate and varied rhythm of activity.