European Turtle

European Turtle - 7


The European Turtle (Testudo hermanni) is widespread in the Iron Gates area, on the Danube tributary valleys, especially on the edge of the forest slopes.

He is also called Hermann.

European Turtle’s Food

It is a vegetarian species par excellence, feeding on leaves, berries, vegetables and very rarely small invertebrates.

European Turtle’s Features

This medium-sized european turtle has about 4 cm at birth and 15-30 respectively at adult age. The test is convex, with a rounded outline, without leaning towards the back.

It does not show horny tubercles in the tail region. The supracaudal scales are divided into two, and the general format is usually oval.

The color of this species is ocher-yellow or yellow-orange, with black spots and two bands of the same color at the level of the plastron.

European Turtle’s Reproduction

It hibernates from October to the end of April, buried in the ground or in small caves present in the rocks on the banks.

Usually, it reproduces at the end of spring, when the female lays 11-12 white, spherical eggs, with a diameter of 3.5 cm, which she buries in loose soil.

The baby turtles hatch after a period of 3-4 months and measure at birth about 4 cm. Due to the modification of the biotope, of the pollution, of the ignorance and even of the disinterest towards the species, at present it is on the way to extinction, being also protected by the law.