- Origin: England
- Group: Sporting services
- Weight: Male: 20-25 kg Females: 18-23 kg
- Height: Male: 48-56 cm Females: 46-51 cm
- Colors: white-orange, white-brown, tricolor, white-red, black and white
- Training: Easy to train
- Care: requires socialization and movement
- Temperament: Alert, active, intelligent, loving
- Health: prone to ear infections
- Puppies: 4 to 10
- Average age: 12 – 14 years old
In the nineteenth century, Norfolk’s original spaniel was the only hunting dog in England. As the century approached, the spaniel became more chiseled and slowed its development, separating itself into the Welsh Springer Spaniel and the English Springer Spaniel.
The English Springer Spaniel was officially recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1902, and in 1927 the breed was also recognized by the American Kennel Club.
There are currently heated debates about spaniel breeds. American Springer Spaniel Clubs and breeders believe that the American version of the breed is so different that it should be considered a breed distinct from the English version. So far, no decision has been made in this direction, so all English springer spaniel forms a group.
As a passionate hunting dog, the main goal of the Springer Spaniel was to take the hunt out of the hiding places. By forcing the hunt out of the hideouts, the springer made his hunting easier and more productive for the hunter.
English Springer Spaniel’s Food
Dogs have developed as omnivores, which means they can eat a wide range of foods to meet their nutritional requirements. They have long intestines, six times the length of the dog, precisely so that they can digest more easily the food.
Meat, cereals and vegetables can be easily digested by the dog.
Puppies require larger amounts of food than body weight because they are on the rise and after 18 weeks 3 meals a day facilitates digestion. Later after 18 months you can switch to two meals a day, but no less.
Both puppies and adults should be fed with high-quality, well-balanced nutritional foods appropriate to their needs. For example, dogs that stay in the cottage in the winter must be supplemented with food to produce heat and not get sick.
Do not forget that besides food, any animal needs fresh water.
English Springer Spaniel’s Aspect
English Springer Spaniel is a medium-sized dog with long ears, hanging. It must be strong, not too supple or too massive. The front members must be straight. The legs are compact. The head is strong, proportionate to the rest of the body.
The length of the head should be approximately equal to that of the neck. The snout is moderate with a depression that appears between the eyes and gradually disappears to the middle of the forehead. The head and the nose should be in roughly parallel planes.
Eyes, neither too big nor too small, gentle expression. The eyes are brown or dark brown, depending on the color of the dress. The ears are fixed in line with the eyes. When they are pulled to the front, the ears must reach the top of the nose.
The fur is long, smooth, dense and waterproof. The breed standard requires shortening the tail. Although the coat color can be a mixture of brown, black and white, the combination of burgundy (dark red) with white tends to be the most appreciated. The hair that makes up the fur can be smooth or wavy and often.
The English Springer Spaniel adult can reach a weight of 20-25 kg in the male and 18-23 kg in the female. The width of the withers is 48-56 cm in the male and 46-51 cm in the female.
English Springer Spaniel’s Behavior
English Springer Spaniel is smart, active and energetic. A trustworthy and loyal companion, English Springer Spaniel are not excellent security dogs, but they will alert their family if a stranger approaches.
Because of their need for movement, the English Springer Spaniel are excellent companions for active children. English Springer Spaniel loves water, so they will always be dirty and dirty.
English Springer Spaniel is a good pet, being tolerant of children, but reserved for foreigners. Some may be shy and have to socialize early. May be tolerant to other home pets, especially if they are not birds.
English Springer Spaniel is an active dog and will be the happiest if it is provided with a large surface area to make movement. They are not recommended to apartment owners in the building, but they can adapt if their owner gives them the time to move around.
Generally, the English Springer Spaniel is inactive within the home. English Springer Spaniel has a tendency to show aggression to dogs from same sex. This breed tends to become destructive and barking much if left alone for long periods of time.
English Springer Spaniel’s Training
An adaptable breed, these dogs can be good companions if they are trained. English Spinger Spaniels are smart and learn fast, but they can also be stubborn.
Some specimens tend to run too far during hunting and require complete training. Their first love is hunting and finding hunting.
For this reason, English Spinger Spaniel best does when exercise involves exercises that highlight hunting skills.
English Springer Spaniel’s Features
In recent years, there has been a worrying tendency to develop specimens with vicious temperaments.
Careful attention should be paid to the full socialization of the English Springer Spaniel, and in the event of a tendency towards aggressiveness, guidance from a trainer or a veterinarian on behavioral issues should be sought.
Another reason to concern is the possibility of developing phobias. Phobias have been reported about inertial objects as well as unknown people.
Because English Springer Spaniel requires activity and movement, the race is not at ease if it is deprived of freedom for prolonged periods of time.
In order to keep their glossy and undamaged coats, daily brushing is necessary. Ears should be checked periodically to detect an inflammatory process early. If the hair on the inner face of the ear is not clipped, it can lead to the appearance of chronic otitis. The hair on the legs should be trimmed to prevent catching the scales and aristocrats.
English Springer Spaniel’s Diseases
Glaucoma is a serious and painful condition that causes increased intraocular pressure. It can lead to blindness if it is not treated in time.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not work properly. In the absence of a sufficient amount of thyroid hormone, the illness can occur.
Epilepsy is a nervous system disorder that develops between the ages of 2-5 years.
Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the coxfemoral joint resulting in pain, lameness and arthritis.
In addition, the English Springer Spaniel is prone to ear infections (otitis), atopy, progressive retinal atrophy and skin cancer. Race has a tendency to overweight, so do not feed them excessively.
The average life span of the English Springer Spaniel is 12-14 years.