- Origin: England
- Group: working/mastiff
- Weight: 65 – 115 kg
- Height: 70 – 76 cm
- Colors: peach, brown and striped
- Training: patient, intelligent
- Care: short fur
- Temperament: intelligent, docile and courageous
- Health: Predisposed to obesity, hip dysplasia and gastric torsion
- Puppies: 5 – 10
- Average age: 9-12 years
The Mastiff or the English Mastiff is a dog breed originating in England. Being an old breed is not the exact origin.
It is a popular dog that has left its mark in history through various activities. He was raised for fighting with other dogs or wild animals, he participated in the wars.
In the present, it is more prevalent in North America than in Europe. It can easily be noticed by the shape and size of the head and the small number of colors.
During the world wars it was to disappear as a race because of hunger.
English Mastiff’s Food
The amount of food of any dog is calculated by weight and activity level. The mastiff is a big dog and the financial aspect must be taken into account. It often happens to cost more for food than an adult.
Food should be based on bones (calcium) and meat (protein). It is recommended that the daily diet to be served in 3 meals to avoid intestinal disease. If the animal has a healthy diet and does its daily exercise, it will have a healthy and beautiful life.
Today many canine food brands have appeared for different types of dogs. Puppies must be fed with vitamins, minerals, fats and proteins for healthy development.
To find out which are the optimal quantities for each mastiff depending on activity level, you should go to a veterinarian. not to wonder if the puppy eats much or more than normal, their level of activity is normal.
When the mastiff becomes an adult you must take care of the amount of food because he is prone to obesity. Do not forget about daily water.
Fresh water is a must for a healthy development. It should not be served with meals. The water must be discreet for the dog to quench his thirst when he needs it.
English Mastiff’s Aspect
The English mastiff is a big dog. It is among the largest breeds of dogs and has a weight equal to that of an average man.
Males weigh 70 – 113 kg, and females 50 – 90 kg. The largest mastiff weighed 156 kilos and was called Aicama.
It was the size of a young donkey and was 251cm long from the nose to the tip of the tail. The height of a regular mastiff is 76cm. The three colors of the coat are peach, brown or brown-to-striped.
The heavy head has its square with wide forehead. The relatively short snout ends with a large and black nose. The eyes are dark, the V-shaped ears rounded to the left.
The tail is of medium length, thicker at the bottom, thinning to the top. The fur is short and dense.
English Mastiff’s Behavior
The English Mastiff is a calm, intelligent, docile and courageous dog.
The only reason why it is not recommended for young children to play with the mastiff is because of its impressive size, not to be hit by mistake. The mastiff loves and tolerates children very well, it is a family dog.
Over the years, the mastiff breed has appeared in numerous publications, commercials (McDonalds) and movies (Rocky, Sherlock Holmes, Transformers, Marmaduke).
English Mastiff’s Training
The mastiff’s training must not be extenuating. Although it is still recommended, it must be done with patience and consistency up to a certain limit. The dog is developing and due to the weight of the bones it can deform if it repeats incorrect exercises or is overloaded.
He is appreciated because he responds well to training although for him it is a rather difficult process.
After learning basic commands and mastering them, you can move on to the next socialization step.
This can be done simply by going with your dog in increasingly crowded areas. It is recommended to gradually pass from quiet areas to crowded areas with both people and dogs.
Generally, it’s a dog who likes to socialize, so after getting used he will appreciate if he’s taken to the other people as often as possible.
English Mastiff’s Features
Mastiff is a rather active dog that needs exercise and daily walks. These are mandatory to avoid and keep away health problems.
Care is easy due to the short coat. Periodic brushing is required except for the period of pouring that must be brushed daily.
The cottage or the place where it stays the most should be comfortable to move the calluses, arthritis others.
At first the race was appreciated for defense and security. Today he is called the gentle giant because he is peaceful and loving with the children.
English Mastiff’s Diseases
At birth, care must be taken when puppies have soft bones. Those who are in the block (I hope they are not) have trouble washing, balding and snoring (more or less depending on the specimen). Clean his ears, eyes and nails thoroughly.
Special care should be taken to hip dysplasia and gastric torsion. Other minor problems include obesity, heart, eyes, allergies, or rupture of the ligaments.
The life expectancy of the English Mastiff is 7 to 11 years.