- Origin: Scotland
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: 8 – 11 kg
- Height: 20 – 30 cm
- Colors: gray, brown
- Training: Relatively easy, it is done with perseverance
- Care: should be brushed regularly
- Temperament: active, determined, loving, independent
- Health: generally healthy
- Puppies: 2 to 4
- Average age: 12 to 15 years old
This short-legged terrier is probably the oldest terrier breed. The breed has grown in the rugged region of England and Scotland (the Cheviot and Teviot dale hills), and the first clear references to the Dandie Dinmont Terrier were made at the beginning of the 17th century.
The dog owes his name to a character from the novel Guy Mannering by Sir Walter Scott (published in 1815), actually the only breed in the world to be named the fictional literary character. Dandie Dinmont was also named Piper and Mustar Terrier, according to the basic colors.
The dog was used in Scotland for hunting for non-wives, otters, foxes, rabbits and other rodents, being very agile and covering the terrain at a surprising speed apparently impossible to develop through physical fitness. It was often the dog of the Gypsies and the poachers who dug illegally on the Scottish estates (Duke de Buccleuch developed an important line of Dandie Dinmont Terrier dogs starting from a specimen trapped in his estate in 1839!).
By the 1960s, the dog had become so popular that it was a problem to set up a Club of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier. It was founded on November 17, 1875, in Selkirt, Scotland, and remains the second old club dedicated to a canine breed until Bulldog Club Incorporated (1873). The American Kennel Club (AKC) recorded the Dandie Dinmont Terrier in 1888.
Unfortunately, at present, Dandie Dinmont Terrier is one of the most endangered breeds in maintaining the purity of the blood line, with the danger that the race will disappear in the future. Among the famous dog owners of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier were Queen Victoria, Agatha Christie and Sir Alec Guiness.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Food
Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a small dog but energetically demonstrating a high level of activity and, at least in the first part of his life, consumes his energy with wide-eyed. As the veterinarian will advise you, a Dandie Dinmont Terrier dog will need in his diet nutritional supplements with a rich mineral content that will help strengthen the bone and joints.
The elongated body, supported by a large spine, subjected to large torsion forces, is supported by a lower train made up of short limbs, disproportionately shaped (the shorter and more robust front legs, and the thinner and longer front legs ). This particular construction requires the bone system to a large extent, and demands must be prevented through a proper diet. Addressing the eternal dispute focused on the benefits of commercial dog food and home-made fresh ingredients, the conclusion is, as you expect, a dualist.
Each of the two variants has its own advantages and disadvantages. In the case of commercial feed – whether it is dry, semi-moist or wet dog food – you will find numerous brands that offer some special types recommended for Terrier dogs. If you fail to identify such a product, be aware that the recommended diet for other breeds such as Corgi, Australian Terrier, Skye Terrier, Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is just as good. All the breeds listed above have many anatomical-constructive-digestive elements of the Dandie Dinmont Terrier breed and require a similar diet.
If you choose to prepare the right meals in your home, check with a veterinarian to know what vitamins and minerals are imperative in the diet and what ingredients they contain in relevant percentages. Chicken, fresh (or slightly cooked) vegetables, fish oil, cheeses and eggs should be the central ingredients in the food you prepare for your little Dandie Dinmont Terrier.
Increased attention should be paid to special products for oral hygiene, which are available in veterinary pharmacies or pet shops. These special products, offered in the form of biscuits, sticks, drags, etc. it helps a lot in the elimination of tartar and in maintaining the health of the gums, very important aspects, especially as in the breed are regularly reported cases of dental diseases triggered at the middle ages. Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a breed of dogs that prove to be very polite.
Having a very good smell, like any hunting dog, being curious and stubborn, these dogs will always want to taste the food consumed by family members. Even if they are systematically refused, they will insist on exasperation in their approach, resorting to all sorts of tactics. You can not disagree that they are extremely sympathetic, especially when they are puppies.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier is, despite showing a small waist, a strong dog both physically and mentally. Even if it bears the nickname “Gentleman Terrier”, this dwarf will sometimes prove the stamina and tenacity of a Terrier, so they will put pressure on each member of the family in part until they find the “weak link” – that person who will accept to give them a piece of meat, a slice of sausage, a little dessert, etc.
Once the Pandorra’s box is opened, it can not be locked too easily. Dandie Dinmont Terrier is a smart dog to learn very quickly the lessons he has gained, and if you find he is successful as a “beggar” he will abandon his food bowl always seeking to get his share of food served on the table family. Stubbornness will even help him to self-infuriate in the hope that he will impress you long enough to please him. Firmness and perseverance will help you a lot in this fight with your dog Dandie Dinmont Terrier.
If you accept to “adopt” it even periodically at family meals and allow it to systematically ignore the food specifically intended for it (totally or only in part), you will get the counterfeit of feeding it incorrectly, unbalanced by the most often detrimental, thus contributing to the degradation of his health. And in the case of this breed, it is highly advisable to apply the 30-minute rule (as long as the food bowl is available to you) and not to give up his cramps and tricks executed to receive another type of food.
Please thoroughly document a correct recipe for your breed / age / activity and fight to impose it because you will only have to win in both ways. Teach all family members to act in a similar way and not feed them with all sorts of uncomfortable “goodies”. On the other hand, explain to younger children that they are part of the family, that a certain food in the possession of the dog is not good to be taken back without some precautions.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Aspect
Small dog, being part of the Terrier family, Dandie Dinmont Terrier has a long, well-developed, muscular and flexible body. The head is wide, narrowing towards the nose. The eyes, dark brown, are large, round and distant. Big ears hang down, covered with long hair. Dandie Dinmont Terrier is particularly remarkable in the longer leg of the head, but also in the elongated shape, with short legs and deep, curved breasts.
The tail has is only raised in alert state. Dandie Dinmont Terrier have strong jaws with very well developed teeth. It is a dog that does not develop special needs, is modest and adaptable, does not make whims on food and is satisfied with the remaining food from the master’s table.
There is no risk of obesity, so diet should not be monitored for this. It will consume the surplus energy and will not eat more than it needs. It has two-layer coat, moisture-resistant, with a first soft and fluffy layer, and the second somewhat weird, with harsh portions on the back and silky to the underside.
The fur will not be combed back like the other Terrier breeds, but will be left to grow naturally and grow up to make it easier to maintain. It’s a dog that leaves a little hair. Dandie Dinmont Terrier can be “pepper” color (chromatic variations from black to light gray-silver) and “mustard” (from red to pale beige).
Standard dimensions: Height = 20-28 cm; Weight = 8-11 kg. Life expectancy: 12-15 years.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Behavior
By its nature, a Dandie Dinmont Terrier is strongly attached to the master, it is fun and loving, becoming a wonderful companion dog. Dandie Dinmont Terrier is also called the “Gentleman-Terrier” because it is quoted as the most calm and balanced representative of this energetic and agitated family of dogs. He is vigilant and sensitive, affectionate and very curious by nature.
He is always interested in the highest degree of all his master’s activities, regardless of their nature, and will always be around when he cheats something, even if he does not give useful tips. They are very sociable, they will behave exemplarily with the other animals of the house, as long as they are accommodated with little ones, and one of their main fun will be to play with children.
It is not advisable to have two Dandie Dinmont male dogs in the same space, they will end up in the storm, especially when a nearby female is available. Also, do not let yourself be challenged by other dogs of the same sex (especially males), for the gentleman will courageously retaliate without the slightest hesitation. It tends to bark a lot, and left without a leash and unattended, will quickly find a hunting animal.
The hunter’s instinct is very strong, Scottish stories tell about Dandie Dinmont Terrier dogs who spent three days in rodent galleries before going out to the cradle! They also have a tendency to dig, so if you have a small yard with a garden you are proud of, think that in the balance of satisfaction is never a specimen of Dandie Dinmont Terrier.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Training
Terrier dogs have a solid reputation for stubborn dogs. The good news is that the nice little Dandie Dinmont Terrier hunter inherited a reasonably small dose, being a more malleable dog. Not for nothing one of the most popular nicknames of this breed dog is the “Gentleman Terrier”. Being a smart dog, training based on patience and perseverance will surely succeed.
When you are the owner of a Dandie Dinmont Terrier and you are engaged in training, you are looking to follow the following guidelines:
– Sign up with your dog at a brief training course of obedience (obedience training). Taking into account the characteristics of the breed, it is better that the first steps in the training are coordinated by a specialist. By following the technique and procedures that it applies, you will learn useful things in turn;
– Perform the transfer of authority in the relationship with the dog after completing the initiation course in obedience training, repeating with the dog the orders and techniques used by the instructor. Respecting the words used, the body attitude, the gestures and the voice tones observed by the instructor, you will become, in the eyes of your canine friend, the new leader in training;
– Perseverance is the key. Always insist that a date command be executed, especially since you have certainty that it has been appropriated. Dandie Dinmont Terrier sometimes exhibits stubbornness, most often when his current interests differ from your intentions. Do not abdicate from the dominant attitude; return calmly to an already ordered order, repeat it a few times rewarding the dog for good cooperation and return to the “neuralgic point”;
– Keep it all in a simple form. Although it is a smart dog, Dandie Dinmont Terrier still has a relatively low ability to maintain attention. This alert animal was a good hunting dog and nature kept him close to the changes made to the environment. Does not like to focus too much on an abstract issue such as executing an order or training exercise;
– Use one word. Whenever possible, limit the command to a single word that will remain unchanged.
– Use the voice tone. Here is how to practice and customize the dog, that is to say, as a person. You have to learn to control the firm, ultimate tone – to stop it from an action with possible dangerous implications (crossing the street, altercating with another dog, fugitive a child, etc.), the angry tone – to capture his attention and emotionally involve him when it is absent or uncooperative, the cheerful, satisfied tone – for the moments of reward, the gentle, affectionate tone – for the situations of calmness and tranquility.
– Do not stretch your sessions. Efficiency and maintenance of a good tonus and a productive concentration of your Dandie Dinmont Terrier dog is also in the making of a training exercise program that does not include more than 10 minutes. 3-4 such halves, separated by breaks and play are enough for one day;
– Be creative. Remember what activities and games capture the attention of your Dandie Dinmont Terrier dog most of all and insert them creatively into the training program. Depending on the moment’s inspiration, develop them and try to make them as attractive as possible to the dog. The play-and-play combination is an infallible technique in training any dog breed and even more so for playful and energetic dogs like the Dandie breed.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Features
It is a brave, tireless, bold and cheerful dog, calm, balanced, vigilant and sensitive. Affectively and devoted to the master and his family, he is reserved for strangers.
He is loving and cheerful with the children, he accepts other animals and other dogs if he has been socialized by the little one. This dog’s hair should be brushed regularly and trimmed once or twice a year.
It’s an easy-to-train dog, but it should not be forgotten that it can sometimes be stubborn. A very good hunter of small animals and rabbits. This is why training must be firm, consistent, without being severe or rough.
Dandie Dinmont Terrier’s Diseases
The old hunting dog used against rodents, the old line of descending, the small “built” on a strong bone system supported by well-developed muscles, gives Dandie Dinmont Terrier the image of a sturdy and sturdy dog.
In general, this is the situation, but some improvements to the current race, the less successful crosses have easily “broken” the armor of their health. The most common health problems encountered in Dandie Dinmont Terrier dogs are:
– glaucoma (a disease often reported in these dogs), cataracts and corneal ulcer;
– Orthopedic diseases generally favored by the particular skeletal construction of these dogs (chondro-dysplastic). This section includes intervertebral disorders, patellar dislocation, hip dysplasia, shoulder dislocation;
– allergies of various forms (pyoderma as a more severe form), meaning that these conditions are common to all Terrier breeds;
– diseases of the hormonal/endocrine system, of which hypothyroidism and Cushing’s disease have the highest incidence;
– cancer, in various forms. The highest rate of production in the breed is reported for lymphosarcoma.