The brown snake (Pseudonja textilis) is a native snake in Australia that belongs to the family Elapidae, the genus Pseudonaja.
It is found along the coast in Australia from Cape York to Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia. These are also found in arid northern areas and sometimes in New Guinea.
Because of rodents they can often be found near people’s homes and farms. It lives in a wide range of habitats from eucalyptus forests to meadows, forests and arid areas.
Brown Snake’s Food
The brown snake feeds on birds, lizards, bats, rodents, and other mammals.
Due to the large amount of prey found in nature and the ease with which it hunts due to venom, lengths have been recorded above average, the longest snake being 3 meters long.
Brown Snake’s Features
The brown snake has a very variable body color at maturity. From a shade of brown it varies to different colors, including very light brown. They can have shades of orange, silver and yellow.
This is the main reason why people do not distinguish snakes in general, they have different colors and mislead them. In addition, the variety of environments and the very similar form of the species are added, and not least the size. The brown snake has an average length of 1.5 to 2m, rarely exceeding 2m.
It is a daytime snake, meaning it is active during the day. When he is agitated, he keeps his neck raised in an upright position in the shape of an S. He usually tries to avoid confrontations by withdrawing and sometimes running away, but if provoked he becomes very aggressive. It is attracted by rural and agricultural areas due to the large number of rodents.
The brown snake is the venomous snake in the world after the taipan. Poison consists mostly of neurotoxins and coagulants. The snakes from the laboratories and those to whom the venom for antivenin is harvested yield a yield of not less than 4.7 mg (a very large quantity considering the high concentration).
Like most venomous snakes, the amount of venom produced depends on the size of the snake. Worell in 1963 collected a 41.4 mg sample from a 2.1m snake, usually producing a maximum of 10mg.
On February 8, 1981, an experienced snake caretaker cleaned the cage of a female who had deposited 30 eggs on December 8, 1980. He was bitten by his thumb and the traces of two corners could be clearly seen 30 minutes later.
Her hand was tied to a rubber shoe near her shoulder and she was rushed to the hospital. She was given physiological and antivenom serum and within an hour the garage was released.
Over 6 days he returned to work. A 9-year-old girl died after being bitten by her leg while in the corn chain. She collapsed unconscious and was taken to hospital, the cause of death was not known until two hours after death.
Brown Snake’s Reproduction
The reproductive characteristics have not been intensively studied due to the fact that it is a very dangerous snake. The female produces 4 to 12 elongated eggs about 45mm long and 20mm wide with a hard shell.
Females can lay eggs twice a year depending on seasonal variations and the amount of food available.
The females lay eggs in tree logs, between stones, in low tree trunks, in a leaf nest, so that they are protected from predators and at the same time protected from the harsh conditions of the weather stand at high temperatures.
Eggs are compromised if they stand in the wind or beat the sunbeams over them more than necessary. During the mating period the female emits a smell using the anal glands. The males will fight each other for the territory and the dominant male will mate with the female.
They do not guard the eggs very much, after hatching the baby snakes are completely independent.