Black Russian Terrier Dog Breed
- Origin: Russia
- Group: Terrier
- Weight: Male: 45-68 kg Females: 36-60 kg
- Colors: black, gray
- Training: medium
- Care: requires regular brushing (and possibly trimming)
- Temperament: energetic, confident, courageous, stubborn
- Health: robust and durable
- Puppies: 6 to 12
- Average age: 10 – 14 years
In 1956, the Black Russian Terrier became a true breed, but only in 1981 the Russian Ministry of Agriculture recognized the breed, in 1984 it was accepted internationally by the FCI (International Federation of Chinology) and in 2004 it was accepted by the American Kennel Club ) and introduced into the working group (utility dogs).
In the 1940s, a kennel controlled by the army, called Red Star, began to create a dog for his own needs. They used a crossover program created by Soviet specialists, giving birth to a new breed of dogs, suited to specific tasks. The result was a massive, robust, attentive dog, always willing to work and able to withstand high temperature differences.
The breeds used for crossing were: Giant Schnautzer, Rottweiler, Airedale breeds and Russian Water Dog. Other breeds of dogs have been included in the process, reaching about 20 races. Only the best dogs of each breed were used at the cross. Soon, a stable dog was born in character and temperament, but not as a look.
At that time, only character and temperament count. A few years later, Russian specialists from the DOSAAF paramilitary organization brought Red Star canines to Russia. They began a process of standardizing the appearance of this breed without neglecting the other qualities. Thus, the Black Russian Terrier has all the characteristics of the German Shepherd Dog, without their specific aggressiveness.
A total of 17 races were used to create the Black Russian Terrier. The dogs were initially used by the military border police, prisons and the army.
The Black Russian Terrier is also found under one of the names: Chornyi, Terrier Noir Russe, Russian Bear Schnauzer, Black Terrier, Tchiorny Terrier.
Black Russian Terrier’s Food
The breeder from whom you took the puppies should recommend the diet most suited to your dog Black Russian Terrier suits both lamb and rice based diet and diets that are based on fresh, raw food.
A raw diet may contain lamb, beef, fish, eggs, yogurt, cheese, fruits and vegetables. Owners can add oils (olives, flaxseeds) to foods occasionally to keep their fur healthy.
After reaching the age of 9-12 months it is recommended to eat twice a day to avoid the risk of a stomach torsion. It is also recommended to eat after the effort to sit quietly after the meal.
Black Russian Terrier’s Aspect
This rare breed is medium to large, robust and powerful, with a very stable nervous system. Great, strong, stable and alert … these are the words that best characterize this dog. The well-shaped head must be strong and long. Mustache and beard are located around the nose. Forehead should be well defined but not pronounced.
The nose is large and strongly pigmented in black. The lips are full, rounded and black on the edges, and the paws are large and strong. The mouth should be very fleshy; if not, this can be a major drawback in competitions. Black eyes are of medium size and spaced. The ears are triangular, with a pointed tip and are located high enough on the skull.
Short ears are not supported. The neck is thick, muscular and strong. The length of the body should be directly proportional to the height, giving it a square look. The legs, very large, like bear, have harsh, black and thick paws, the nails are dark and large. The back legs should be straight and bony.
Shoulders should be large, muscular and well developed. The legs should be covered with a harsh, medium-length hair. Elbows are very large, completely covered with black hair. The Black Russian Terrier has a strong, well-coordinated walk, giving the impression of stability and ease, despite the large waist. The tail is short and high.
The coat, impermeable, must be black. In some cases, gray hair may appear. As a texture, the fur must be rough. Subpar is thick and soft. The color is always black or black with a gray hair.
Black Russian Terrier’s Behavior
Black Russian Terrier is not afraid of strangers and does not hesitate to bark when necessary. They were raised for temperament rather than for appearance. They like to follow their owners wherever they go. BRTs can sneak into the owner’s bed at night to give the masters a wet kiss.
Inexperienced owners may find it difficult to control them because they are big and powerful. If left alone for too long can become destructive. Some dogs may have the habit of patrolling their house at night. With children: They love children and have a high level of tolerance.
However, owners should not leave unattended children with these dogs. With other dogs and animals: Usually they have no problems with other dogs. BRTs are territorial and may have resentment towards a new dog in their perimeter. They are good with pets and other animals they grew up with. Russian black terriers are courageous and good observers.
Suspected of strangers, he possesses a strong protective instinct that occurs at the age of 1.5-2 years. Dogs should be treated with affection, but at the same time firmly, to guide them in the right direction. They are very incisive and baggy, but also sensitive, playful and easy to train.
Due to strong and balanced temperament, avoid fighting with other dogs, although males can not live in the company of a dominant dog. It can live without any problems with other small stature dogs, cats, horses, rabbits.
Dogs of this breed only bite if they feel necessary. Very fast, they are always ready to defend their master or house. Unfortunately, they need some more time to reach full maturity. If properly trained at a young age, at maturity there will be no problems dominating it.
No matter how sweet and funny a puppy is, do not forget that over a year there will be a big and powerful dog, hard to dominate if it is not used to listen from childhood. With little care, the Black Russian Terrier is easy to keep in the house.
He should not be in a cage outside, because he would be deprived of the people’s company. The permanent contact with the family highlights the best qualities of this breed. In addition, keeping dogs in this breed for too long, they will not be able to learn what and how to defend themselves, and at one point they may end up protecting their cage against their own.
Black Russian Terrier’s Training
Early socialization and training are needed to get the best out of this race. Obedience training is extremely important because this big-size dog can become later stubborn, hard to control. They learn easy but do not respond to tough training methods. Trainers should use their great intelligence and desire to learn.
Black Russian Terrier’s Features
The waterproof coat consists of thick, heavy, thick hair, about 4-10 cm long. The fur coat is thick and well developed. Regular trimming at 2 months, as well as professional care are absolutely necessary. Full hair removal is only necessary if the fur is soft.
The Black Russian Terrier should be brushed at least once a week. It is important to remove the hair inside the ears and the lower part of the paws. If it is brushed regularly, it will get very little.
The Black Russian Terrier lives well in cold climates but adapts very quickly to any climate if it has shade and water at its discretion. They can not live without human contact. It would be cruel to keep a Black Russian Terrier alone in a cage or in an apartment, they need the presence of their owner.
The Black Russian Terrier can live very well in an apartment if he is trained enough. Inside, they are relatively inactive, and no matter how big your yard is, it stays in front of the door, waiting for you to go home.
He likes to live very close to the master, and therefore he will always stand in his footsteps, taking him from one room to another. Caught in the yard, he watches the master from one window to another and awaits him at the door to come out. They need to be constantly in close contact with people.
Black Russian Terrier Diseases
The Black Russian Terrier is a robust and resistant breed with few medical sensitivities. The most frequently reported are:
– Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the coxfemoral joint resulting in pain, labia and arthritis.
– Elbow dysplasia, an abnormality of the development of certain parts of the elbow joint during the dog’s growth phase, results in the formation of an irregular joint, the appearance of inflammation, swelling and deformation of the joint, lacrimation and arthritis.
– Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes degeneration of the nerve cells of the retina. Affection often starts with older dogs and can lead to blindness. Atopia is a condition associated with allergies and ear infections.
The average life expectancy of the Black Russian Terrier is 10-11 years.