- Origin: United States
- Group: Sheepdog
- Weight: 1.8 – 2.7 kg
- Height: 15 – 25 cm
- Colors: black-blue, red, brick, black, brown
- Training: easy, smart
- Care: periodic brushing and exercises
- Temperament: balanced, active, intelligent, loyal
- Health: Hip dysplasia and some eye problems
- Puppies: 7
- Average age: 12 to 13 years
It is said that the Australian Shepherd dog breed originated in the Pyrenees, but the current form is completed in the US. The Australian shepherd’s name comes from the fact that he can handle and guard herds of sheep and that the origins of the breed have passed through Australia.
The origin of this breed begins in the 1800s. It began to become popular after the Second World War along with the rodeo shows.
He was called Aussi many years ago. From the point of view of his working abilities, he managed to adapt to the harsh conditions and today he excels among the shepherd dog breeds.
In 1957 the American Club of Australian Shepherds, the largest Australian Shepherd Club in America, is formed. Because the opinions were shared with the AKC (American Kennel Club), the club split into two camps, those who wanted to join the AKC.
In 1993 the AKC officially recognized the breed. The breed does not have much official popularity because many specimens are not registered. In 2006 he won the “best-in-show” award in the UK.
Australian Shepherd’s Food
Food should contain protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Food should be divided into a minimum of two servings a day, ideally three.
After the meal, leave 15-30 minutes to digest. He should not be fed with large amounts of food and in no way should you leave food at his discretion because they are very greedy and can easily gain weight.
They are predisposed to obesity. Water needs to be discreet for the animal to quench its thirst whenever it needs it.
After each meal, and the break, the movement is recommended.
Australian Shepherd’s Aspect
Australian Shepherd Dog is a medium-sized dog that has a height of 48-50 cm in females and 50-56 cm in males The weight is 20 – 32 kg. Females are lighter than males. The head is quite large, compared to the body, and strong. Ears of triangular shape are worn out.
The short tail has the size of 10 cm. The coat is double, the lower layer is dense and the outer layer is lightly wavy. The limbs are strong, straight and perpendicular to the ground. There is no white color predominating on his head and eyes, it must be completely surrounded by color.
Can be seen in different colors: black-blue, red, brick, black, brown. May be with or without spots. The fur needs a little more brushing during the potting period, but a periodic brushing is enough. For a beautiful and shiny fur, regular brushing is recommended.
The Australian shepherd is also called ghost eyes because of the color of the eyes. The eyes may be blue, brown, combinations of blue and brown, hazel color or amber color. There can also be specimens with one eye of one color and the other eye of another color.
Australian Shepherd’s Behavior
The Australian Shepherd is a dog that loves to take part in the daily activities of the family. He performs his tasks as well as he is, he is among the first to compete and execute orders. He has a very balanced temperament and has the power to work all day.
He is active, intelligent and likes to learn. As a pet loves his masters and tries to please him as well as possible. He is loyal and affectionate.
Tolerates very well children, understands with other dogs and other animals especially if it is taught by little with them. He likes to play with the ball, and he’ll play all day long.
The hunter’s instinct may cause some problems with small animals if it is not taught by small or if they do not socialize for a while with them. They are dominant, they will protect their territory and their owners.
Australian Shepherd’s Training
Like any dog and Australian shepherd has to socialize by small age with small animals and learn at least the basic commands (sit, lie, etc.).
Training is mandatory for dogs to be able to communicate in certain situations. A dog does not know when to stand if it is not learned and the best time is when the dog is small because then learns the fastest.
If we strictly refer to Australian shepherd, we can say that it is a smart dog that learns easily. The most recommended exercises for him are flyball, contests and agility exercises.
He needs constant and consistent training, orders that make him use both his muscles and his mind.
They can be trained to detect drugs or narcotics or to track.
Australian Shepherd’s Features
Australian Shepherd Dog needs daily exercise. He likes to be involved in various activities, including family activities. He feels best with an active master who gives him a lot of attention.
There must always be something to do, so if you leave it alone make sure it has enough toys. If he does not make his daily walks he can get bored and become destructive.
The Australian Shepherd is used as a pet and for the guard and flock management. It can also be used to guard cow herds. They can also be used as disabled attendants. He was raised on the farm as a flock dog.
Living in the apartment is not recommended for this breed because it needs space to move.
The high level of energy he has can be consumed only in a courtyard where he can run and do various exercises.
Australian Shepherd’s Diseases
The difficult and arid areas of Australia and the United States have tested the resistance of these dogs. In the end, Australian shepherd has proved to be a disease-resistant dog.
The most common disease in Australian shepherd is hip dysplasia. It is a genetically transmitted disease that has been diagnosed since the age of 9 months.
In addition to hip dysplasia, eye problems may occur that may go up to total or partial vision loss.
Although most Australian shepherds live between 9 and 15 years old, the average age is 12-13 years.