The most varied and widespread reptile species currently living are lizards. About 3000 species are known, grouped in 23 families.
It can live in any environment, most of them prefer the intertropical area.
Due to the jutting and the ability to climb (up to 4000 m altitude), lizards can avoid many predators.
If you keep it in captivity, you can offer lizard variety, including crickets, mallow, lettuce, snails, cheese, dog manequins, grilled courgettes, strawberries, broccoli and melon.
To supplement a balanced diet, the lizard’s diet varies as much as possible. Fresh food should be offered 3-4 times a week.
The lizards, being so numerous and different, have different preferences. The nocturnal prefers insects, worms or small marine animals, hunted only at night.
The size of lizards varies by species and sex. Thus, there are species that are less than 2 cm long, at the opposite pole being the Komodo dragon whose length can reach 3 m. Generally, the tail of the lizards is longer than the body, which is covered with small scales.
Dorsal scales are 8-12 rows, oval or hexagonal and are well differentiated from the dorso-lateral scales. The tail is covered with narrow and straight scales.
The lizards have four short legs, brought by the body, with five fingers each, but there are also legs without legs.
Generally, lizards have 10-17 femoral pores on either side and between 6-8 longitudinal strings. Neck folds are more or less visible, and the tongue ends with 2 rounded lobes.
The largest species of lizard is the Komodo dragon. Although it weighs up to 125 kg and a length of about 3 meters, it can move incredibly fast.
Before mating, the lion’s male can change color or lift the folds around the neck. Reproduction takes place by June, 5-14 white-yellow, slightly cylindrical eggs, 12-14 mm long.
The cramping takes about 2 months, even 90 days if the temperature is devastating.
Eggs grow in volume during the cloud, becoming ash, and in August-September the pups come out.
Females are fit for reproduction after 3 years, while males after 2 years.