All information about the Border Collie Dog breed
- Origin: England
- Group: Sheepdog
- Weight: 12 – 20 kg
- Height: 46 – 56 cm
- Colors: black and white
- Training: easy to train, intelligent
- Care: should be brushed and combed periodically
- Health: strong and healthy with few medical sensitivities
- Puppies: 4-8
- Average age: 11 – 14 years old
- Other names: Scottish Sheep Dog, Border Collie dog
Border Collie originates from Northumberland, a demarcation region between Scotland and England. It is believed that the breed would descend from the old British breeds of shepherd dogs and the herd with some influences of the spaniel breeds. Long before Britain was indiscriminate, the British Isles were reliant on raising sheep to sustain their economy.
Sheep flocks needed constant surveillance, so Border Collie was the one who carried out this activity in a manner worthy of all admiration. Border Collie was first mentioned in 1570, in a book about English dogs.
Since then, different breeds of shepherd dogs have been created, but none compare to Border Collie. Originally, the breed was perfected around 1890, in the provinces of the border between England and Scotland, duties after which the breed was named. Her skills as a good sheep herder and her enthusiasm have resulted in an increased demand for this breed in Australia as well as in New Zealand.
Even today, there are people who still think Border Collie is a native of Australia. One of the bravest breeds, Border Collie was also used to detect narcotics and bombs, search and rescue operations, and police service. Some specimens have successfully trained to be used as guides for disabled people.
Border Collie’s Food
Once it is an adult, it will not cost you much in terms of nutrition. This is because it is not particularly demanding and appetizing, the appetite and the amount of food it needs is within the normal limits. However, when they are small, they must be seriously fed, especially between 4-8 months, but avoiding over-eating.
Border Collie’s Aspect
Border Collie is a medium-sized dog, neither big nor too small. The head has a conical shape with a marked stop, and the ears are worn partially or totally high. The snout narrows to the black nose. Oval eyes are generally dark brown, except for the merle variety where one of the eyes may be blue. The long tail can reach up to the middle third of the hind legs, being worn in the extension of the spine only when the dog is starved and never weaving on the back.
Double coat is weatherproof. There are two varieties of fur, one smooth and short and the other long. The hair around the neck is longer, forming a chin. The hair on the face, ears and forelegs is always shorter and smoother. Border collie is found in a variety of colors and combinations of colors, but white is generally not the predominant color. The most common color is black with or without traditional white spots at the tip of the tail, at the level of the collar, head and extremities of the limbs and with or without brown markings.
Other colors include merle and sable (samurai color). The adult Border Collie can reach a body weight of about 14-20 kg – the male and 12-19 kg – the female and a height at the withers of about 48-56 cm – the male and 46-53 cm – the female.
Border Collie’s Behavior
Border Collie are particularly intelligent and receptive, they are too smart to stay in the house all day long. If they are not given enough time and attention, they will get bored and become destructive and will develop behavioral problems.
They have a special sensitivity that makes them easy to train, they are suitable for agility competitions. If he has an extensive exercise program to keep him busy, he will be wonderful with other breeds. He sets up a wonderful relationship with children, with whom he loves to run and play.
Border Collie’s dogs are perfectionists and have a tireless desire to be master’s lover, ideal for them to have experience in raising dogs and especially time to really deal with them and capitalize on their qualities. Only physical exercise is not enough for these particularly intelligent and energetic dogs, they want to work and have to do this with both mind and soul and this is accomplished by accomplishing various tasks.
Border Collie’s Training
Border Collie likes to learn and play. The intelligent Border Collie needs a dedicated, consistent owner and willing to spend a lot of time (more than other breeds), especially when it involves training and education. Otherwise, you will have a frustrated, timid and difficult to control dog. Border Collie can be trained to perform commands only on certain hand signals or certain sound signals. Looking at a Border Collie during her sheep-keeping watch activity is an extraordinary experience.
Border Collie’s features
Border Collie needs a lot of activity and mental stimulation to prevent the development of behavioral disorders. Fast and agile, this tiny dog has an endless energy, feeling the constant need to play or have something to do.
Border Collie must be brushed and combed periodically to keep its fur in good condition. Special care should be given when the puff is deeply soft and often replaced. Washing and washing with dry shampoos (powder) should be done only when the situation so requires. Border Collie turns moderately and seasonally.
Border Collie’s Diseases
Generally, it is a strong and healthy dog with few medical sensitivities. However, the following conditions have been reported with an increased frequency:
- Hip dysplasia is a malformation of the coxfemoral joint resulting in pain, labia and arthritis.
- Cryptorchidism is a disorder manifested by the lack of migration of one or both of the testicles into the scrotum. Testicles that have not migrated to the testicular scholarship, residing in the abdominal cavity or on the tract, respectively, have all the chances later or sooner to tumor. For this reason, specimens with cryptorchidism will be castrated.
- Collie’s eyeball anomaly is a condition characterized by a faulty eyeball development. It is a genetic disease, and most ocular lesions associated with this disease occur from birth. The disease affects the retina, the choroid and, in some cases, the sclera and the optic nerve.
- Progressive retinal atrophy is a disease that causes degeneration of the nerve cells of the retina. Affection often starts with older dogs and can lead to blindness.
- Panus is a disease of the eyeball that results in inflammation.
- Crystalline dislocation is represented by the detachment or displacement of the lens from its anatomical position within the eye.
- Cataracts cause a loss of normal lens transparency. Affection can occur on one or both eyes and can lead to blindness gradually.
- Osteochondrosis of the shoulder is a congenital disorder that induces a degenerative arthropathy of the shoulder joint.
- Congenital deafness is present at birth.
In addition, Border Collie is predisposed to saliva allergy and epilepsy.
The average life expectancy of the Border Collie breed is about 11-14 years.