The aurochs is an extinct bovine mammal. The scientific name (Bos primigenius) translates as “primordial ox”. According to the Paleontological Museum of the University of Oslo, storms evolved in India, two million years ago, migrated to the Middle East, reaching Europe 250,000 years ago. A direct descendant of the species is Bos taurus, a popular cow. The South Asian domestic cow, Zebu, may be the descendant of another related species, the hoard, although some consider it to be only a species that has evolved separately from bulls. Modern cows are much smaller than wild ancestors: the height of a domestic cow is 1.4 meters, while storms reach heights of nearly two meters.
The aurochs appeared in the Himalayas and after it spread, three distinct breeds were finally produced: European, Asian and African bourgeois. Aurochs, who lived in our country, was an impressive animal, bigger than the bush or the bison, and more aggressive than the African buff.
It is considered by many ancestors of all domestic cattle breeds, males often exceeded a ton of weight. It was a very strong, aggressive and dominant animal. Thanks to the qualities, the coat of arms and the perennial symbol of Moldavia became famous. The history of the aurochs is common with the coat of arms. It has been studied by Professor Eugen Botezat since 1913.
The aurochs were drawn in many cave paintings, such as those from Lascaux and Livernon in France, indicating the spread of this animal, whose vital force was attributed to magical qualities. Bourul survived the Iron Age in Anatolia and the Near East, being considered a sacred animal, the Lunar Taurus being associated with the Great Goddess and then with Mithra.
It was the symbol of the Moldavian Principality, now part of the national coat of arms of Romania and the state coat of arms of the Republic of Moldova. In the Southern Caucasus and northern Mesopotamia, domestic storms began around 5000 BC.
In an archaeological excavation in Peterborough, England, a skull was discovered in which the front was removed, but the horns remained attached. It is supposed that killing aurochs was a sacrificial act of religious significance. The last animal in the recorded life was hunted by poachers in 1627 in the Jaktorow forest, Poland.