All information about the Alaskan Malamute Dog Breed
- Origin: United States
- Group: Working
- Weight: Male: 36-43 kg, Females: 32-38 kg
- Height: Male: 61-66 cm, Females: 56-61 cm
- Colors: white-brown, white-red, white-gray, black and white
- Training: Independent, inventive and intelligent
- Care: thick and impermeable fur requires brushing
- Health: Predisposed to bloating and hip dysplasia
- Puppies: 4 to 10
- Average age: 10 – 14 years
Alaskan Malamute is a large, powerful dog, similar to a wolf or domestic dog. The breed was created to pull the sled. They are often confused with the Siberian husky, but in reality they differ in many ways.
The Malamute is a descendant dog from Mahlemut tribe in western Alaska, USA. Within the tribe, these dogs have an important role; work, hunt, and live alongside the people in the tribe. Over time, crossbreeding has been attempted with various breeds for improvement, but unsuccessful. Recent DNA analyzes show that malamutes are the oldest genetic gene.
Unlike other races, Alaskan malamute has a special history: it was used by the miners who came to Alaska during the golden chase in 1896, served in the Second World War as rescue search dogs and was also found in Europe. This dog was not meant to pull the sled, instead, it was used in heavy expeditions.
Although not scientifically confirmed, it is believed that malamute is the closest to the “first dog”. Researchers have found and identified evidence of this first dog with a tooth. It lived 17700 years ago. The second one was discovered in Russia and is supposed to have lived 14,000 years ago.
Alaskan Malamute’s Food
When the puppy grows up, the correct classical diet for puppies will ensure the proper growth and nutrition needed to provide the energy it needs. Growing dogs are recommended to receive adult food after the age of nine months, which is gradually introduced into the diet. After about one year, you can go to adult-only feed.
All packaged pet foods, whether they are canned, bagged or packed, offer a range of proteins, fats and fiber. One of the most practical foods, as well as the cheapest, is dry food. Canned foods offer about 12% fat while the food is about 20% wet. Products with higher protein content are recommended for growing dogs. Adults prefer food with bigger chunks because they help clean their teeth and how they like to make a better meal.
A normal stool is a dog’s health sign. It is recommended that at least 90% of the dog’s food to be dog food. Boiled eggs, soups, sauces, vegetables, fish, chicken, meat, etc., are a meal supplement. If the dog does not eat do not think that the food is not good (although there may also be cases where food is altered, forgotten in the sun, etc.), it may happen that they are not hungry at the time.
Once mature, the dog is less active, so it will need less food. For adults, two meals are recommended, one in the morning and one in the evening. You can leave beside a bowl of water and dry food at the discretion of your dog but it can eat more and there is the risk of obesity.
Alaskan Malamute Aspect
The breed standard of the American Kennel Club females are 58cm and 34kg in height, and 64cm and 39kg males. They often meet specimens above or below these dimensions, depending on the nutrition and physical condition of each specimen.
There is also a difference in size between males and females, and there can be encountered malamuts over 50kg of a slightly larger size that are no longer conforming to the standard.
The coat is dense and has a double layer, it is a bit harder than that of the Siberian husky dogs. The most common colors are shades of gray and white, black and white, red and white, or solid white. The eyes are almond-shaped and have different shades of brown; varies slightly at light differences (eg from dark to daylight).
Blue-eye dogs do not get into the standard because they are supposed to be husky crosses. The body is compact, it is longer than tall, with heavy bones in most cases. There are specimens wearing a twisted tail, such as the corkscrew, this type of tail is not recognized by the standard, the corkscrew is commonly found in akita. The ears are generally vertical.
Alaskan Malamute’s Behavior
Few Alaska Malamutes are used today to transport people, cargo, traction or move heavy objects. Some are used for entertaining breasts, a sport known as mushing, or skijoring, bikejoring and cross canine.
Most Malamutes are seen as pets. Malamute is generally slow on long distances. He is a strong animal that can move heavy objects over short distances. If they could not sleep and spend time with the kids they would be the happiest.
Their favorite season is winter because they love snow. They are not agitated dogs, bark like most dog breeds and when they have the tendency to “speak” to the sounds “woo woo”; I can scream like wolves.
Alaskan Malamute’s Training
If we look at the character of this dog we notice that it tends to be independent, inventive and intelligent, and climax, it has proved to be one of the hardest to train dogs.
Alaska malamute are wonderful dogs, but they need special training when it comes to training. You can train the puppy at a young age to respond correctly to your orders or you can neglect this training and in the end you will end up with a potentially aggressive dog that nobody will want, and if nobody wants this dog he will be euthanized.
If he gets a proper training he will become affectionate and playful. Malamute dogs are intelligent, independent, stubborn, energetic, dominant dogs with well-developed sense and hierarchy. These features were essential for survival in the harsh environment they came from. The malamute maintain a high level of respect and behavior in the pack and in the family.
Each member has his/her role in the hierarchy. There is always an alpha male or strong, confident and devoted leader. Each member is always ready to be the alpha male and always assume this role and dominate. When a malamute has a new family, this family is considered to be his new pack. Soon the dog will go into the family and become a new member.
Alaskan Malamute’s Diseases
The most common problems in a UK study on a sample of 64 dogs were musculoskeletal (hip dysplasia) and cataracts that are hereditary.
Other particular health problems may be cardiac, ocular (cataract and progressive atrophy of the retina).
There is a well-known health study done in 2004 on Alaskan Malamute on a sample of only 14 dogs. The average life span is 10.7 years, of which 36% were deaths due to cancer.